Altannese administrative divisions
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The administrative divisions of Altannia have played a major role in Altannese history, and have varied considerably over the years. Altannia, currently, rules over a mostly centralist state, with self-governing overseas territories under its sovereignty. Territorial representatives, though, exist, and the Constitution provides them the right to issue laws of their own, insofar they do not contradict state-level law. As of now, only drug regulation has been tackled by local governments.
The first accounted attempt for administrative divisions in Altannia dates back to 2012, under the early reign of Asier I, which divided Altannia in two broad regions, called "Western" and "Eastern", and further divided the Western Region in provinces.
The only surviving account of this division is obscured, and the exact names of early divisions are not easily retrievable. However, there seem to have been eight Western provinces: Anticca, Converj[atta], Septentrionalis, Dicovero-Pho[n]dattonne, Taglialle, Laggefluvialle, Terra Phertille and Igle[crur]ae. Additionally, an Eastern administrative region was included, covering modern-day Billiotare, and the Capital City of Altannia Magna is marked as a territory of the Ambassatore.
This early division, however, does not seem to have come into effect formally at any point, and seems to be, either a draft for future planned administrative divisions, or just a geographical description of the land, with vague zones of control by Álvaro and Asier I.
System of Commendettimentos
In 2013, the first formal administrative system in Altannia came into place, with the signing of the Archaicomaioreo Decrees. This divided Altannia into four commendettimentos, or command areas.
Altannia Occidentalle (Western Altannia) and Altannia Urientalle were, each, ruled by one of the kings. Altannia Dualle was constituted as a condominium, to ease territorial conflicts between the crowns, and Altannia Nûtralle was ruled by the Ambassatore, giving him strategically important territories that should not be monopolized by any of the two kings. The division between Western and Eastern Altannia could already be seen in the drafts of 2012, and it carried on for the most part of Altannese history.
|Provinces in Altannia Urientalle or Dualle, by king|
|Asier I||Guillermo I||José Manuel I||Guillermo II|
|Granttes Plannies Urientalles|
|Quonca di Drianne|
|Reggionne des Canniae||Ecclesiatta|
|Vìa de Nessionne|
Provinces were frequently merged or divided, especially as part of agreements between the two Crowns. Western Altannia grew considerably during the late reign of Guillermo I, which amounted to Western hegemony in Altannese politics.
At its height, most of Altannia's territory was controlled by the Eastern Crown, with the intention of balancing power between the two kings by having a more territory-oriented monarch, and a more institutionalist one. However, the inflated Western representation in Altannese institutions made it impossible for Eastern Altannia to maintain its land holdings after Asier I was destituted.
The Constitution provided the Ambassatore with power over all the territories of Altannia in the case that there were disputes between the two monarchs, making him a figure of extreme importance whenever tensions between the monarchs escalated. This position was intended to be as neutral and stable as possible, so, the brother of Asier I, albeit an institutionalist, was chosen for the office. This neutrality, however, broke as soon as Asier I stopped being king, which left Eastern Altannia with no influence over the Ambassatoria.
Landmark agreements regarding the downfall of Eastern Altannia are the Act of Unification of the Plains, which took the province of Granttes Plannies Urientalles away from Eastern Altannia and integrated it into Dual Altannia; the Treaty of Endomenequa, which saw Eastern Altannia lose control over Altannia Dualle, meaning the de facto end of that commendettimento; the Act of Division of the Reggionne des Canniae, which saw two thirds of the former province integrated to Western Altannia - all of these under Guillermo I - and finally, the Act of Western Surveillance, under José Manuel I, which made Eastern Altannia an effective vassal to the Ambassatore and the Western King.
At the late commendettimentos period, under Guillermo II's reign, Western Altannia held power over eleven provinces: Airenssia-Endomenequa-Praettea, Archaicâltannia, Archaicomaioreo, Cap d'Incogna, Cett d'Olive, Granttes Plannies, Reggionne des Lacs, Quonca di Drianne, Terra Phertille, Treiquatorça and Veiggillia.
System of Terrae
Apart from the commendettimentos, the decrees of Archaicomaioreo divided all claimed territories of Altannia into two Terrae: Altannia Cogna, or Known Altannia, and Altannia Incogna, or unknown Altannia. Altannia Cogna held the commendettimentos, whilst Altannia Incogna was divided into Capitanías, Captaincies. These Capitanías served a purpose regarding the degrees of integration of a new territory into Altannia proper. A territory to which Altannia had just laid claim, would belong to the Capitanía of New Altannia Incogna, under the administration of the Eastern King. After the territory had been visited and properly charted, it would pass to the jurisdiction of the Capitanía of Old Altannia Incogna, under the administration of the Western King. Finally, territories deemed completely integrated into Altannia would become part of the Terra Cogna, and their division in commendettimentos would be agreed upon by the monarchs.
System of Treiquatorça
After the abolition of the dual monarchy in May 2016, and the establishment of the Empire of Altannia Unita, a system of Viceroyalties was incorporated in the new Constitution. All of the territorial power of Altannia would fall under the Emperor, who, in turn, appointed Viceroys as their representatives.
Altannia, thus, was divided into two viceroyalties: Northern and Southern Altannia, plus the neutral territories of the Ambassatore and the Capital City. The system of Terrae remained in place. Viceroyalties were divided into provinces, which were, in turn, for the first time, formally divided into duchies, marches and grand duchies. Every province was assigned, within its nobiliary divisions, a provincial nucleus, which served as a local centre.
This system was abolished on March 17, 2017, although many of its features and divisions remained in place afterwards; some of them even to this day.
List of Altannese Viceroys
Viceroys of Northern Altannia
- ESMV Elemer San Miguel d'Altannia Septentrionalle (13/05/2016 - 01/11/2017).
Viceroys of Southern Altannia
- ESMV Iago del Verbo d'Altannia Meridionnalle (13/05/2016 - 05/07/2017).
- ESMV Ana Bango d'Altannia Meridionnalle (05/07/2017 - 01/11/2017).
System of Ponttes d'Ecclesiatta
With the III Constitutional reform, viceroyalties were kept, but the entire administrative system was standardized to six territorial levels. Special autonomous rights were given to Overseas Territories, with the incorporation of Noveria, as well as to certain mainland territories, adding Principalities at the same level as viceroyalties, to give special representation to historical groups within Altannia.
|Administrative system of Ponttes d'Ecclesiatta|
|I Order||Empire of Altannia Unita|
|Imperial Territories||Capital City|
|II Order||Constituent Lands|
|Altannia Cogna||Altannia Incogna|
|III Order||Confederal Lands|
|Metropolitan Altannia||Overseas Altannia|
|IV Order||Federal Lands|
|V Order||Provincial Lands|
|VI Order||Nobiliary Lands|
In November 2017 with the abolition of the Viceroyalties, in a move towards a more democratic Altannia. Metropolitan Altannia was divided into six prefectures, each of them divided into provinces, except for the Capital Prefecture, which inherited the old Ambassatorías, rebranded as Alcaldías, plus the Capital City, which would be an Alcaldía as well. Prefectures themselves are divided into two general regions, which determines which Major Prefect represents them in the Alto Carggeo. Provinces themselves did undergo some major reorganization, however.
System of Federal Subjects
In July 2019, the system of prefectures was abolished, in a move towards further centralisation. Currently, territories have the ability to apply for autonomy. As of August 2019, no territory has yet initiated the process for doing so.
For a territory to be able to apply for autonomy, the following requirements need to be fulfilled:
- At least a twelfth of Altannese registered voters need to be residents of the proposed federal subject.
- Their proposed Basic Law has to include representative electoral mechanisms for their Executive and Legislature.
- Their electoral mechanisms cannot actively discriminate part of the population.
- Their proposed Basic Law cannot patently breach citizen rights as declared in Book I of the Constitution.
- Their proposed Basic Law cannot be ambiguous to the point of inapplicability.
- Their proposed Basic Law cannot threaten the unity of the Republic of Altannia Unita.
Federal subjects have the following devolved powers:
- Local institutional layout, referring to the promulgation and enforcement of their normative dispositions.
- Delivering health and education services, unless they do so in a way that would cause harmful inequalities across Altannia.
- Designating specific areas in their territory for drug consumption.
- Protecting specific areas in their territory as wildlife reservations.
- Conceding permits to build in specific areas in their territories.
- Establishing criteria for land sale in the territory.
- Establishing the toponymy and symbology of the federal subject.
- Regulating hunting, fishing, and general exploitation of their natural resources insofar it does not substantially affect neighbouring territories.
- Promoting regional culture.
- Representation, under explicit Altannese sovereignty, of the region in international fora.
- Mancommunal accords with other federal subjects.
- Disposition of the transportation networks internal to the region.
System of Coronelías
Additionally, Altannia has a parallel military administrative system, which comes in place when Altannia is officially at war. This system has been in place since the reform of Treiquatorça. The whole of Metropolitan Altannia divides into the jurisdiction of seven margraves, who, by their nobiliary titles, are Colonels of the Altannese Army. These Coronelías are:
- Linnea Maiore
Controlled by the margrave of Chiasma Viessa, it corresponds to the westernmost frontier of Altannia, spanning the Principality of Treiquatorça and western Bobastria et Domeuannessa.
- Linnea Vella
Controlled by the margrave of Grantto Ssier, it corresponds to the southwestern frontier of Altannia, spanning the western Altannese Plains as well as western Terras di Drianne.
- Linnea Airenssia-Incogna
Controlled by the marquis-duke of Prêi-d'Airenssia, it corresponds to the western-central territories of Altannia.
- Linnea Magna Centralle
The biggest of the Coronelías, it is controlled by the margrave of Fredia, and it spans the eastern-central territories as well as the northeastern frontier.
- Linnea Urientalle
Controlled by the margrave of Fluvem Centralle, it spans the easternmost frontier of Altannia.
- Linnea Stremma Meridionalis
Controlled by the margrave of Foresttes Ladderiennes, it spans the scarcely explored southern territories as well as the Blanssmesòu basin and the southernmost frontier of Altannia.
- Linnea Prima Metropolitanna
Controlled by the margrave of Archaicomaioreo, it spans the Capital City as well as the territories of Bobastria and Westweiden, that is, the non-contiguous parts of Metropolitan Altannia.
- Altannia Unita
- Overseas territories of Altannia Unita