Kingdom of Arlandica
Kingdom of Arlandica
|Motto: Kalig-on, Kadungganan, Panaghiusa (Cebuano)|
"Resilience, Honor, Unity"
|Anthem: Our Land is So Beautiful|
|Capital||Santo Niño City|
|Largest city||Melascoville City|
|Recognised regional languages|
|Government||Unitary parliamentary semi-constitutional monarchy under a non-partisan democracy[b]|
|Benz Gian Arellano|
|June 29, 1848|
|December 10, 1898|
|July 4, 1946|
|April 20, 2020|
|December 26, 2020|
|May 23, 2022|
|6.15 km2 (2.37 sq mi)|
• Water (%)
• 2022 census
|13 citizens |
224 residents (approximate)
|Currency||Arlandican dollar (ARD; A$)[c]|
Philippine peso (PHP; ₱)
Official government website
Arlandica (pronounced // ahr-LAN-dih-kuh), officially the Kingdom of Arlandica[d][e] and historically Arland, is a self-proclaimed sovereign state, commonly known as micronation by external observers. Arlandica is an enclave and exclave country, with territories located in the Philippine archipelago, comprising five provinces: Mainland Arlandica, Galrea, Lémarita, Nueva Bago, and Paddaya. The country's population is sparsely distributed, with the majority residing in medium-sized settlements. The capital is Santo Niño City, while the most populous territory is Melascoville City. Rio Santiago City is considered to be the country's cultural and financial center.
The kingdom was founded on April 20, 2020, three years ago, by King Jerold I, who is currently the monarch. Arlandica claims to be the successor to and continuation of the Realm of Davao Gulf, which existed from 1800 to 1850. However, it is important to note that there is no factual basis for this claim. The micronation is primarily a personal project and a political secessionist entity, with no intentions or aspirations to rebel against the government of the Republic of the Philippines. It provides a platform for individuals interested in experiencing and learning about governance.
Arlandica is a developing country and holds the 15th rank in the very high level category, with a score of 4.2, according to the Categoric-Gradial System of Classification. It also ranks 59th in the Human Development Index and holds the 2nd rank in the Micronational Climate Change Performance Index. In addition, Arlandica secures the 6th rank with a score of 9.0 in the Micronational Democracy Index.
Earliest hominin activity in the Philippine archipelago is dated back to at least 709,000 years ago. The areas of what is now Santo Niño City was once a lush forest inhabited by nomadic peoples such as the Bagobos and Matigsalugs. Meanwhile, in the areas of what is now Galrea, Paddaya, and Lémarita, Spanish Empire already occupied most of Luzon earlier before the Europeans landed in Davao.
In April 1848, José Cruz de Uyanguren of Vergara, landed on the estuary of the Davao river and conquered the land. Datu Bago, the ruler of the Realm of Davao Gulf, resisted against the Spaniards but he was failed to defend his settlements. Datu Bago was forced to retreat further inland. The Spanish control of the areas in Davao gulf was unstable at best, as its Lumad and Moro natives routinely resisted the attempts of the Spanish authorities to forcibly resettle them and convert them into Christians.
The Philippines then became a territory of the United States. U.S. forces suppressed a revolution led by Emilio Aguinaldo. However, in 1942 during World War II, Japan occupied the Philippines. The U.S. military overpowered the Japanese in 1945. After the surrender of Japan in World War II, the Philippines gained independence from the United States.
In April 2020, Jerold Jr. Lopez Garte (Jerold I), on his birthday, announced the establishment of the Federal Democratic Republic of Arland. The first original territory was the surrounding areas of the Arland River, and its territories expanded over the next several years. At that time, he prioritized creating flags and coats of arms. A few months later, Arlandica established its first foreign relations and contacted Vilasia, its neighboring micronation. Arland (or FDRA) began taking some territories in Antarctica, the Davao Gulf, and the Mariana Islands.
In October 2020, the country adopted Marxism-Leninism as its ideology. However, the administration received many criticisms, and the country experienced instability. A month later, Jerold decided to declare martial law to remove all leftist influence and figures within the country. Two months later, Jerold wanted to establish a monarchy, but his sister, Jeanne, disagreed, as she supported the continuation of the republic under the Communist Party. Jeanne attempted to overthrow her brother's leadership by organizing a coup d'état, but she failed to gather enough supporters. Jerold was crowned as the monarch, and the Arlandican monarchy was established on December 26, 2020.
In January 2021, Jerold renamed the country from Arland to Arlandica and enacted its first documented constitution, the Basic law. However, it was not enough to fix the problems of his government. Later, Arlandica annexed EstaGrik to add it to its collection of colonies. Including mainland Arlandica, the total amount of land under Arlandican sovereignty reached 2,400,000 km² (930,000 sq mi), with 97% of it concentrated in Antarctic claims. This was its greatest extent so far, in February 2021.
Suleiman became the next monarch of Arlandica,[f] replacing Jerold, after they signed an agreement called the "Arlandic Agreement" in March 2021. It allowed Renderfeit and other foreign states to intervene in the internal affairs of Arlandica. Antarctic claims and other colonies were abandoned until 2022, while EstaGrik became part of Renderfeit. Some supporters and Arlandicans were unhappy about the agreement. They were not consulted, and Suleiman's rule made the country more dependent on Renderfeit. Foreign micronational leaders in the Philippines expressed their interest in Arlandica joining their micronations, with a promise that they could govern the country very well. However, the Arlandican people and Jerold rejected all of their offers.
Two weeks after Suleiman came into power, Jerold claimed the title of legitimate head of state for himself. He refused to call himself the "prime minister" and preferred to be called a "monarch." The Arland Crisis occurred due to conflicts between Suleiman and Jerold I. The forces of Arlandica, led by Jerold I, successfully liberated the entire country, restoring its independence. Arlandican nationalism was introduced by Jerold I following the crisis, and it later became the official ideology of the country.
The stability of the government and the progress in the country are evident through the implementation of new laws by the King, who prioritizes the welfare of the Arlandican people.
On June 1, 2021, Vilasia annexed Baylosa, an Arlandican province. Arlandica was prepared to send its forces, but an agreement was reached between the two parties, preventing a conflict. However, later that day, Republican rebels, supported by Qinnowah, instigated an uprising in the Nueva Bago province, citing alleged failures of the government. This resulted in a battle that ended in a victory for the Arlandican government.
In March 2022, the governments of Arlandica and Vilasia signed a mutual defense and cooperation treaty, forming an alliance for intermicronational defense. Arlandica upholds civilian supremacy and does not maintain a military. As part of the Treaty of Coulman signed in June, Coulman Island was ceded to Vilasia. During this time, King Jerold I abolished all remnants of colonialism to establish a more modernized and standardized government.
In May 2022, King Jerold I enacted the 2022 Arlandican Constitution. On the same day, a council was established. The capital was renamed from Arland City to Santo Niño City. Lémarita joined Arlandica as its province on July 6, 2022. Nueva Bago separated from the Mainland and became a separate province on July 8. Galrea joined on July 20, and Paddaya joined on August 27. Months later, Arlandica transitioned from a principality to a kingdom through a constitutional amendment.
On July 28, 2023, following another constitutional amendment, the territories of Mainland, Galrea, Nueva Bago, and Lémarita underwent expansion, leading to the creation of new territories. Arlandica's territorial claims in Antarctica have been declared dissolved due to their exclusion from current claims and maps, despite the country's expansion of territory in the Philippines. Additionally, the Parliament of Arlandica was established, replacing the council as the supreme decision-making body of the country. King Jerold I inaugurated the first legislative session of the Parliament and appointed its members, known as Governor-Representatives. Just a day after the amendment was enacted, the country witnessed its first successful general elections for the position of the President of the Parliament. Benz Gian Arellano emerged as the sole candidate for the coveted role, resulting in an historic uncontested election. Arellano assumed the position asa the first President of the Parliament.
Arlandica is geographically divided into two main areas: Mainland and Overseas. Mainland Arlandica, considered the kingdom's core territory, is a province and an enclave fully surrounded by Davao City, Philippines, on Mindanao Island. The capital, Santo Niño City, is situated at 7°08'N latitude and 125°36'E longitude.
On the other hand, all non-contiguous territories unattached from the Mainland are referred to as Overseas Arlandica. It comprises 9 enclaves, 1 exclave, 2 semi-exclaves, and over 40 islands, reefs, and small rocks, half of which are named. Four provinces, Galrea, Lémarita, Nueva Bago, and Paddaya, make up Overseas Arlandica, which is scattered across various parts of the Philippines.
The total land area of these claimed territories measures 615 hectares or 6.15 square kilometers (2.37 square miles). The majority of Arlandica's terrain is flat, with mountainous regions primarily situated in most areas of the Mainland, Badoc Island, and Swissureyland in Lémarita. Mountainous terrain can also be found in the eastern part of Paddaya and in La Frondosa in Nueva Bago. The highest point, Mount Arland, stands at around 70 meters above sea level and is located in Santo Niño City. The Ticaowa River, flowing through Lémarita, is the country's longest river, and Lake Arland, situated in Santo Niño City, is the largest lake.
Arlandica possesses maritime access. The territories of Golden Coast have access to the Babuyan Channel, and Badoc Island faces the South China Sea; both of these territories are part of Lémarita. Meanwhile, Nueva Bago, through the territory of Kalinawan, is enveloped by the waters of Davao Gulf.
Arlandica has a presence and exercises control over all of its provinces. The country currently has no territorial disputes with other micronations.
Arlandica is nearly surrounded by the Philippines; however, the country shares a border with Vilasia through La Frondosa, which is a territory of Nueva Bago. Vilasia is the only micronation that shares actual borders with Arlandica.
|Climate data for Mainland Arlandica (2021-2022)|
|Record high °C (°F)||35.0
|Average high °C (°F)||30.9
|Daily mean °C (°F)||27.3
|Average low °C (°F)||23.7
|Record low °C (°F)||17.0
|Average Rainfall mm (inches)||166.8
|Average relative humidity (%)||82||80||78||77||80||82||82||81||81||81||81||81||81|
|Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm)||11||9||9||9||13||14||13||12||11||12||12||11||136|
|Source: His Majesty's Office|
All five of provinces of Arlandica have tropical maritime climate that is usually hot and humid. The average temperature is around 27 °C. There are three seasons: a hot dry season from March to May; a rainy season from June to November; and a cool dry season from December to February. The southwest monsoon lasts from May to October and the northeast monsoon from November to April.
Most of Arlandica is susceptible to storms, particularly in the provinces of Galrea, Paddaya, and Lémarita. Among the most destructive typhoons in Arlandican history were Typhoon Ulysses and Typhoon Neneng, which struck near Lémarita on November 13, 2020, and October 16, 2022, respectively, causing extensive flooding in the province.
In 2023, the Rio Santiago City experienced a series of scorching temperatures known as the 2023 Lebetaryan Heatwave. During this heatwave, the territory saw a succession of exceptionally high temperatures. On July 6th, the heat index reached an unprecedented 46°C over the territory, setting a new record. The preceding day, July 5th, saw the territory already experiencing a record high temperature of 44°C. This intense heat persisted over the following days, with both July 7th and 8th recording temperatures of 45°C. Throughout this period, the Rio Santiago City consistently registered temperatures surpassing 43°C.
Biodiversity and environment
Roughly 80% of Arlandica comprises nature reserves, uninhabited land, forests, or marine reserves. The majority of the country's areas are lush, tropical, and fertile. Arlandica is home to various species of mammals, fish, flowers, and birds. Among the most common animals found are frogs, snakes, chickens, pigeons, lizards, carabaos, goats, and ducks.
The country is considered a "strong performer" in environmental protection efforts. Chicken is the national animal of Arlandica, as commonly found in most parts of territories. Gumamela flower, on the other hand, is recognized as national flower.
Potential natural resources in Arlandica could include coal, gold, iron, copper, and arable land. As of now, these resources remain untapped.
Arlandica is named after its founder and first monarch, King Jerold I, who played an important role in the establishment of the micronation. In recognition of King Jerold I's role in creating the micronation, he decided to name the new micronation after himself, using a shortened version of his nickname "Ar". This was a fitting tribute to the founder of the nation and a way of honoring his contributions to the country's early development.
Arlandica is a capitalist country that has mixed economy. Furthermore, all products, goods, and services depends from its macronation, the Philippines. Prices of goods and services in the kingdom are determined by supply and demand expressed by sellers and buyers. The Arlandican government usually does not intervene the economic sector and they ensure that private ownership is safeguarded. Foreign investors are needed to have permission to the Philippine government before investing to build businesses in Arlandica. As of January 2023, Arlandica has estimated of 14 to 20 private companies and businesses, including retail shops, while 2 are government owned.
The country has dual-currency system being Philippine peso and Arlandican dollar are the official currencies. However, the Philippine peso is widely used by the people. Arlandica possesses a stable notaphiliac economy. All government assets are held in the Trans-Arlandic National Bank, which serves as the treasury, managed by the Parliament and owned by the monarch.[g] Despite Melascoville City being the most populous territory, Rio Santiago City holds one-third of the country's wealth, making it the financial center of the country. Arlandica does not impose any direct taxes, fees, or levies on its citizens.
Gross National Happiness or GNH is also used here to measure collective happiness of the population, with a national happiness score of between 6 to 7 over 10.
Transportation and infrastructure
Arlandica lacks railways, airports, and seaports, but it does possess a 12-kilometer road network, with only 2 kilometers being paved. The country's longest road is Highway 3, situated in Lémarita, extending for 2.48 kilometers. Arlandica boasts 13 road and foot bridges, with the Resilience Bridge, located in Lémarita, being the longest. Roads play an important role in Arlandica's transportation system. Since the 2010s, even preceding the formation of Arlandica, significant efforts have been undertaken by both the macronational government and private sector to improve and modernize the road infrastructure within its borders. The state of the roads in Arlandica is generally poor, with a substantial portion of the network remaining unpaved. However, it's worth noting that no accidents have been recorded since the micronation's establishment. There are some cemented roads in the country that are particularly suitable for trucks, cars, motorcycles, and other types of vehicles.
Science and technology
The Science and Technology Agency of Arlandica (STAA) is responsible for coordinating science and technology-related projects in the country. It is headquartered in Daya, Paddaya. The agency conducts programs and activities managed by approximately five staff members. These programs and activities encompass the Space Observation and Exploration Program, Weather Reporting Initiative, Seismic Monitoring and Earthquake Report Initiative, and some other scientific research.
The Lebetaryan Observation Center, situated in Fort Ticaowa, Lémarita, serves as the sole facility under the complete control and utilization of the agency for specific purposes.
Agriculture stands as a major industry in Arlandica,[h] given its predominantly rural landscape. Agricultural endeavors are prominent across all provinces of Arlandica. The country's output comprises rice, spices, fruits, and vegetables, which are both available for export and for local consumption. Alongside crop cultivation, residents engage in raising chickens, ducks, carabaos, goats, and various other farm animals. Despite the country's coastline, fishing isn't a prevalent activity, although Arlandica does import a range of seafood products. It's important to note that labor laws are influenced by those of the Philippine government.
Arlandica is not a widely recognized micronation like Molossia and Sealand, which are known and frequented by people. However, the country boasts a tropical climate and a low cost of living. Points of interest within the country encompass the National Museum of History and Culture, Badoc Island, Golden Coast Beach, Rio Santiago City garden and forest parks, as well as Lémarita Palace in Lémarita. On the Mainland, the Arland Rainforest and Central Square are also notable attractions.
Most of Arlandica consists of private residences that are generally not open to the public. The micronation permits visits only from the relatives and friends of those residing within its territories. Despite this, it's worth noting that tourism doesn't significantly contribute to the country's economy.
Government and politics
Arlandica is a unitary state governed by a parliamentary semi-constitutional monarchy. The 2022 Arlandican Constitution, adopted on May 23, 2022, outlines the structure and responsibilities of the Arlandican government. Currently, Arlandica operates under a non-partisan democracy.
The monarchy of Arlandica, with the monarch holding the title of King of Arlandica, serves as both the head of state and head of government, possessing executive and judicial powers. Additionally, the monarch assumes the role of Commander-in-Chief of the Civil Guard. Responsibilities include issuing royal decrees, evaluating and deciding on acts of Parliament, and acting as the highest judicial authority in the country. The monarch's actions are influenced by the guidance of Parliament, which provides an advice. During periods of inactivity or busyness, the heir apparent temporarily exercises the monarch's powers. The current reigning monarch is King Jerold I, with his sister, Jeanne, serving as the heir apparent. Both belong to the House of Arlandica, which is the royal house of the kingdom.
The Parliament is comprised of members appointed by the Monarch, with representation from each province. In Arlandica, the legislative powers are solely vested in the Parliament. Structured as a unicameral legislative body, the Parliament of Arlandica consists of a single chamber and is led by its president.
Referred to as Governor-Representatives, the Parliament's members typically propose acts of Parliament, which are known as bills prior to their ratification. The monarch inaugurates and concludes legislative sessions, while the president of the Parliament is elected by the Governor-Representatives for a one-year term, which coincides with one legislative session. Benz Gian Arellano presently serves as both the first and current president of the Parliament.
Political parties in the parliament are permitted, except for those advocating Nazi, communist, or Islamic extremist ideologies. As of August 2023, no political parties exist, and Arlandican officers fulfill their roles in a non-partisan fashion.
Arlandica is administratively divided into 5 provinces, further subdivided into 35 territories. Each province is overseen by a Governor-representative. In August 2023, Mainland Arlandica stands as the most populous province, while Lémarita holds the distinction of being the largest province by land area.
Arlandica is a centralized state where all decisions and laws are made within a single decision-making body: the Parliament of Arlandica, ensuring representation from each province. Despite its centralized nature, the country has taken steps towards decentralization as part of its current agenda.
Arlandica does not maintain an official standing army and instead relies on its macronation, the Philippines, for defense and military security. However, the country does manage the Civil Guards of Arlandica, serving as a law enforcement agency (Civilian police) within its own borders.
The Civil Guard is headed by the Commander-in-Chief, which is the monarch of Arlandica, and the Chief of Staff. General Jay Arce currently holds the position of Chief of Staff of the Civil Guard. The primary responsibilities of the Civil Guard include upholding peace and order, enforcing laws, and ensuring the safety of the populace. Additionally, they are entrusted with protecting Arlandican territory, preventing criminal activities, responding promptly to emergencies, and conducting intelligence-gathering operations. The Civil Guard comprises civilian volunteers, consisting of Arlandica's citizens and residents. These personnel are not armed with firearms but are equipped with bastons and other non-lethal weapons.
In times of war or emergencies, the Civil Guard can be designated as Arlandica's military force. The Chief of Staff of the Civil Guards holds the authority to declare the force a military organization and assume command over all Arlandican forces. This grants the Civil Guards the capability to operate beyond national borders and engage in military actions, such as defending the country against external threats.
Arlandica is a country with a rich and diverse cultural heritage, shaped by a variety of influences from both Filipino and Western cultures. Over time, Arlandican people have assimilated these diverse cultural influences, resulting in a unique blend of traditions and customs that are distinctly Arlandican.
Arlandican monarchy has been inspired by the monarchies of Europe, particularly Spain. Many of the country's customs and traditions have been adapted from these sources. This has helped to create a sense of continuity and connection with the wider European cultural heritage, while also adding a distinctly Arlandican flavor to the country's monarchy.
The Arlandican people have also created their own unique cultural expressions. Examples include the Lémaritan language and the Pandar language, both of which were developed by Arlandican linguists in the 21st century. These constructed languages are based on a blend of different linguistic traditions. Additionally, the Pandar language has its own script. These languages and scripts have become important symbols of the country's cultural heritage.
Arlandican nationalism is characterized by a strong sense of royalism. This means that the people of Arlandica believe in the importance of having a strong and stable monarchy, and see it as an essential part of their national identity. They believe that the monarchy provides a sense of continuity and stability that is vital for the nation's success. The Arlandican monarchy is viewed as a symbol of the country's unity and stability.
In addition to its emphasis on the monarchy, Arlandican nationalism is also rooted in cultural nationalism. This means that the people of Arlandica place great value on their diverse cultural heritage, and believe that it should be protected and promoted. They see their unique traditions and customs as a source of national pride, and view cultural preservation as an important part of their national identity.
Arlandica is a Christian state which is Christianity is the state religion and Catholic church is the national church. Archdiocese of Davao is considered to has jurisdiction over all of Arlandica. There are no churches within the borders of the kingdom, but there are ones very close by. The Royal family attends regular masses on Sundays. Santo Niño de Cebú is the country's patron saint. Despite this, the government still respects the non-christian minorities.
This are the national colours of Arlandica:
The Sports Committee of Arlandica is a government agency responsible for encouraging and promoting the development of sports in Arlandica. There are a few major sports in the country, such as basketball, soccer, and online gaming.
Media, music, and entertainment
Arlandica has its own broadcasting company namely the Hopeful Morning Broadcasting Network (HMBN), the company primarily record events concerning the kingdom through its own facebook page and produces newspapers that are published yearly. HMBN currently has 1 active program.
The Music of Arlandica, on the other hand, refers to the music interests of Arlandican people in Western, K-pop, and other Filipino songs. While having no local Arlandican artist, the people here are obsessed in several famous foreign music artists. In the most rarest occasion, North Korean Pop tops the most listened songs chart in Lémarita. A Good example of this is the song We Will Go to Mount Paektu by Moranbong Band. The song is currently the most listened in Lémarita.
The people of Arlandica, known as Arlandicans, are the citizens of the country. They are a captivating blend of different ethnicities, primarily of Austronesian descent, with a substantial percentage of the population being Filipino. Arlandica acknowledges Cebuano as its sole official language; however, Filipino, Hiligaynon, Ilocano, Lémaritan, Pandar, and Spanish have been declared as local languages.
Half of Arlandica's citizens reside within its territory, while the other half live outside the borders. Arlandicans are required to possess passports; however, since its implementation, only a few citizens, particularly officers, have obtained them.
As a micronation, Arlandica conducts its own foreign relations and maintains an independent foreign policy. Since May 2021, it has adhered to a neutral stance and pledged not to align with any participants in conflicts unless its territorial integrity and security are threatened. Arlandica is presently not a member of any organizations or blocs, but it was previously a member of Accande Terrie Ornindo and the Oceanic-Antarctic Micronational Commonwealth. Despite no longer being members, Arlandica maintains connections with organizations.
Since its establishment, Arlandica has established diplomatic relations with several micronations, including Curimae, Hesminia, Kaleido, and Vilasia. Vilasia is being the first micronation to establish formal relations with the country. Arlandica has a representative office in Bhutan and anticipates establishing more offices in various macronations, such as the United States, in the near future.
- Including Born again and Iglesia ni Cristo.
- All officers of the Arlandican government are not affiliated to any political parties.
- Arlandican dollar is not widely used in people's Daily transactions and supposedly for display only.
- Formerly known as Federal Democratic Republic of Arland or FDRA (April 20, 2020 - December 26, 2020), Grand Duchy of Arlandica (December 26, 2020 - March 6, 2021), Coppacian Dominion of Arlandica (March 6, 2021 - March 19, 2021), and Sovereign Principality of Arlandica (March 19, 2021 - December 31, 2022).
- Commonly abbreviated AR or ARL
- Arlandica does not recognize Suleiman as the reigning monarch during the period from March 6, 2021, to March 19, 2021. During that time, Jerold asserted that he remained the rightful monarch of Arlandica.
- Arlandica is financially sustainable through alternative means, including donations, grants, and voluntary contributions from its citizens and well-wishers, to support the micronation's development initiatives and projects.
- Lands used for agriculture are owned by both the residents and citizens of Arlandica.
- Empress Jeann L. Garte (October 22, 2023). "Act of Parliament No. 6". docs.google.com.
- Philippine Micronations (February 2022). "Micronations in the Philippines". philippines.fandom.com.
- Jerold Jr. L. Garte (January 10, 2021). "Basic Law of Arlandica". docs.google.com.
- Jerold Jr. L. Garte (May 23, 2022). "Constitution of Arlandica". docs.google.com.