|Country||New Southern Rhine|
|Settled||25 July 1876|
|Part of Jaraguá||26 March 1934|
|Canton of N.S. Rhine||6 January 2021|
|• Type||Devolved government|
|• Steward||Wagner Scherer|
|• Total||8 (permanent)|
Artstetten, officialy the Canton of Artstetten (Hunsrik: Kanton von Artstetten; Portuguese: Cantão de Artstetten) is a Neo-Rhenish canton enclaved in the Brazilian city of Jaraguá do Sul, within the state of Santa Catarina. Its capital is the municipality of Schroeder, while the canton hosts also the municipality of Hruschka. Artstetten is the country's lower and thus hotter canton. The canton is administered by a Steward.
The territory that makes up the modern-day canton was inhabited by the Carijós Indians until the 16th century, when it was conquered by the Portuguese and annexed to Brazil. Following the Brazilian independence, the territory was granted to Prince Gaston of Orléans, Count of Eu, as part of his dowry by marrying Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil, in 1864. The region was called Jaraguá do Sul after the Jaraguá river which crossed it. As Brazil became a republic, Jaraguá became part of several municipalities until become one in 1934, around the same epoch the Scherer family settled in the tow. In 2021, influenced by micronationalism, Jonathan Scherer-Arrais proclaimed the independence of his family properties and founded Independent State of the New Southern Rhine. The properties properties in the Jaraguá do Sul were converted into the Neo-Rhenish canton of Artstetten.
- Neo-Rhenish Government. The New Southern Rhine. Published on 20 December 2021. Retrieved on 20 December 2021.