Council of State (Vishwamitra)
|Predecessor||Privy Council (2022)|
|Successor||Privy Council (2022)|
|Formation||1 February 2022|
|Dissolved||27 April 2022|
|Legal status||Non-executive advisory body|
|Purpose||Advising the Rashtradhyaksh|
The Council of State (Hindi: राज्य परिषद) was a non-executive advisory body established to advise the Rashtradhyaksh in the exercise of many of their discretionary and executive powers vested by the Constitution of Vishwamitra. The Council was created by Dhrubajyoti Roy, the Rashtradhyaksh through his royal decree no. 231-2022 on 29 January 2022, with the council being effectively established from 1 February 2022. Following the creation of the council in February 2022, the council performed much of the duties vested upon the privy council.
However, the council was soon deemed inactive and was formally abolished on 13 April 2022 paving way for the re-establishment of the privy council on 28 April 2022.
The Council of State was established in 2017 by then Prime Minister Dhrubajyoti Roy as the highest decision-making body of the Republic of Friends Society and comprised of the highest officials of the nation including the President and Prime Minister. The council was customarily headed by the President of Friends Society until the establishment of an executive presidency in September 2018 when the President assumed the office with full powers. The council was interchangeably also known as the "Executive Council". In May 2020, following the retirement of Dhrubajyoti Roy as the President of the nation, his successor and then President Tanishkaa Patranabish nominated him to serve as the Chairman of the Council of State with the same status, rank and privileges of a head of state. Notable members of the Council of State during the republican era include:
- Dhrubajyoti Roy, former President and Prime Minister, former Chairman
- Tanishkaa Patranabish, former President and Prime Minister, former Deputy Chairman
- Sarala Baishya, former President and Prime Minister, former executive member
- Anoushkaa Patranabish, former President and Prime Minister, former executive member
- Abhiraj Kar, former Deputy Prime Minister, former executive member
- Asmi Patranabis, former Deputy Prime Minister, former executive member
- Bishnu Chetry, former Deputy Prime Minister, former executive member
- Arnab Sil, former Deputy Prime Minister, former executive member
- Ankurjyoti Thakuria, former Deputy Prime Minister, former executive member
In June 2020, the Council of State made the decision to replace the republican institutions of the nation with a federal elective absolute monarchy which became effective on 8 June 2020. Following the establishment of the monarchy, the Council ceased to exist. On 1 July 2020, then Rashtradhyaksh Tanishkaa Patranabish through her royal decree created the Privy Council to perform similar functions as an advisory council. The Privy Council continued to remain as the nation's highest advisory body until its formal dissolution on 31 December 2020.
However, soon after its dissolution, a need for such an institution was felt and after several deliberations with the senior state officials, the Council of State was re-created on 29 January 2022 with effect from 1 February. However, within months, the need of the council was felt unneeded and a resolution was passed to dissolve the council on 13 April 2022. The Privy Council was re-created on 28 April 2022 after the formal abolition of the House of Councillors.
The Council of State was established to perform the most important function of advising the Rashtradhyaksh of the State:
- In the exercise of many of their discretionary and executive powers vested by the Constitution, which includes:
- In the exercise of their military powers as Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, including:
- appointment of military chiefs following nomination from the Ministry of Defence.
- declaring war and peace.
The council could further advise the Rashtradhyaksh and through them, the Government of Vishwamitra regarding various issues of national importance, including the exercise of their special powers vested by the Constitution. They could from time to time discuss the actions taken by the Rashtradhyaksh, decrees issued and other appointments made and subsequently advise him in regards to further actions. The council could advise the Rashtradhyaksh during constitutional amendments and in the exercise of their powers in the process of revocation of citizenship, titles, statuses upon citizens including the grant of persona non grata, as suggested by the Government of Vishwamitra.
The council also had the right to halt a decision of the monarch should the majority of the Councillors be against it. The Council could stand always, but convene only when called upon by the monarch.
The Council of State was composed of several ex-officio and nominated members who are known as the "Councillors of State". The council was mostly composed of several members who serve in the council by the virtue of their position in the nation. The composition includes:
- Chairman of the Conference of Rulers
- Prime Minister
- One senior member of the council of ministers nominated by the Prime Minister
- Former Prime Ministers
- President of the House of Councillors
- Speaker of the Lok Sabha
- One member of the House of Councillors nominated by the President
- One member of the House of the People nominated by the Speaker
- Chief Justice/Puisne Judge of the Supreme Court
- Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee
- Three civilian members nominated by the Rashtradhyaksh
The Rashtradhyaksh served as the ex-officio head of the council and all members are appointed in the name and at the pleasure of the Rashtradhyaksh.
The following served as members of the Council of State during its life from 1 February until 13 April 2022.
|Sr. No.||Position||Councillor of State||Tenure length|
|1||Rashtradhyaksh (ex-officio Head of the Council)||Dhrubajyoti Roy||1 February – 13 April 2022|
|2||Uparashtradhyaksh||Tanishkaa Patranabish||1 February – 13 April 2022|
|3||Chairman of the Conference of Rulers||Bishnu Chetry||1 February – 13 April 2022|
|4||Prime Minister||Farhaz Hazarika||1 February – 13 April 2022|
|5||One member nominated by the Prime Minister||Michal Nowacki, Deputy Prime Minister||1 February – 13 April 2022|
|6||Former Prime Ministers||Princess Arnisha||1 February – 13 April 2022|
|Princess Sarala, Regent of Purvanchal|
|Anoushkaa Patranabish, Rajpramukh of Basistha from 18 March 2022|
|Ștefan Marius Snagoveanu, Rajyapal of Basistha until 17 March 2022|
|Phillip Joseph Pillin|
|7||President of the House of Councillors||Chris Ramsay (resigned on 31 January 2022)||Appointed; never took oath|
|Jayden Dagsa (elected on 11 March 2022)||11 March – 13 April 2022|
|8||Speaker of the House of the People||Matthew Tonna (resigned on 16 February 2022)||1 February – 16 February 2022|
|Tyler Mullins||17 February – 13 April 2022|
|9||One member of the House of Councillors nominated by the President||Vacant||N/A|
|10||One member of the House of the People nominated by the Speaker||William Cooper, Leader of the Opposition||1 February – 13 April 2022|
|11||Chief Justice/Puisne Judge of the Supreme Court||Carson Snyder, Judge (until 15 February 2022) and then Chief Justice||1 February – 13 April 2022|
|12||Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee||Air Chief Marshal Matthew Griffin, Chief of the Air Staff||1 February – 13 April 2022|
|13||Three civilian members nominated by the Rashtradhyaksh||Charles Burgardt, Minister of Finance and Law and Justice||1 February – 13 April 2022|
|Jayden Dagsa||1 February – 11 March 2022|
|Vacant||11 March – 13 April 2022|
|James Murray||1 February – 13 April 2022|