Erusian National Communist Party
|Founded||November 9, 2008|
|Dissolved||July 30, 2010|
|Youth wing||Revolutionary Youth League|
|Ideology||• Rennie-Gaffneyism |
• Progressive Communism
• Scientific Development Concept
• Erusian nationalism
|National affiliation||National Syndicate of State Workers|
|International affiliation||Communist Party of Murrayfield, Socialist Party of Stettin, Petorian Communist Party, Citizens' Communist Party of Sandus|
|Colors||Crimson, Gold, Red, Yellow|
The Erusian National Communist Party (ENCP), less commonly but occasionally known also as the Communist Party of Erusia (CPE), was the ruling and de facto single-party in the Democratic People's Republic of Erusia.
Although it is not officially recognised as a governing body within the DPRE, the Communist Party was enshrined in the National Constitution as the supreme political authority in the nation, a poorly defined role that granted it absolute de facto control over the State and the government.
After the claims orchestrated by Robert Lethler, the Party first came to power on November 9, 2008 at the head of a popular revolution, promising the establishment of free multi-party democracy, but then ruthlessly eliminated all organised opposition to its rule, culminating in the establishment of a true single-party state in July 2009. This changed in December 2009, when the Party allowed pro-Communist parties to form under its leadership for the first time. When on July 2010 Lethler's plan were discovered, it was revealed that he was the only man behind the foundation of the Party, and no actual opposition was never found to its existence.
Nonetheless, the ENCP modeled itself around the Chinese Communist Party, though there are discernable influences from both the Communist Party of Vietnam and the Laos People's Revolutionary Party. Despite this, it has little in common with these political parties ideologically, favouring its own unique model of micronational Socialism and Communism.
Lethler also claimed that at the end of 2009, 67.44% of the Erusian population was an ENCP member, another declaration proven false.
Since foundation, the organisational structure of the Communist Party has remained more or less intact. Like most Leninist political parties, the ENCP claimed to be organised according to the idea of democratic centralism, with higher organs and officials being elected by those directly below them. In reality, Robert Lethler was behind all bodies and personas.
The organisational structure, however, was also extremely complex - Lethler claimed there were more than fifty known autonomous work units within the Party, most of which are fully operational.
At the time of its dissolution, the major central organisations of the Party were:
- The National Congress, which elected:
- The Central Committee, which in turn elected:
- The Politburo, which finally elected:
- The Politburo Standing Committee;
- The Politburo, which finally elected:
- The Central Advisory Committee;
- The Central Discipline Commission;
- The Central Military Commission;
- The Central Committee, which in turn elected:
- The Central Party School;
- The Public Relations Work Department;
- The United Front Work Department;
- The Durban Administrative Offices
All the offices, when needed, were run by Lethler. Some of the divisions, including the Central Party School, were never mentioned by Lethler, implying they just existed on paper.
The National Congress of the Communist Party was claimed to be the most powerful organ of Party authority and the only body who's decisions were not subject to scrutiny by any other organ, thus making it the de facto supreme government authority in the Democratic People's Republic. Legally, it had the power to make any changes it wished to the Party constitution, to its organisation, to its basic ideological line and - perhaps most importantly - was responsible for electing central Party leaders and the four principle organs. In reality, it was all managed by Lethler, just like the other organisations.
Unlike other central organisations of the ENCP however, the National Congress only exercised its power twice a year throguh biannual plenary sessions, which were described as national party conferences at which delegates deliberated and discussed various items over the course of several days. Sessions of the Congress were supposedly held every February and August, though the first two sessions were held in November and December respectively. Delegates to the Congress were elected at Local Party Congresses (regional versions of the National Congress) in the month prior to each session - although initially all Party members were invited to attend each session, in August 2009 only 66% of all Party members (18 delegates) were said to be nominated to attend.
For much of the year, the Central Committee (CC) was the most powerful organ of the Communist Party, making unilateral leadership decisions when the National Congress was not in session. After Lethler, it was the highest authority and leadership organ of the ENCP, and it was elected at each Chaired Plenary Session of the National Congress. The chief function of the Committee was to provide guidance to the ENCP and draw up new Party policies within a framework established by the Congress, the implementation of which it typically supervises. It claimed to hold regular Plenary Sessions at which its supposed combined membership made decisions, making it the de facto collective leadership body of the DPRE.
The 4th Central Committee, prior to the dissolution comprised 9 personas of Lethler, known as Standing Members: himself, Kai Roosevelt, P J Gaffney, Carwyn Jenkins, Michelle Yui, Kenneth Maisano, James Marshall, Richard Tobias and Melissa Anderson.
The Political Bureau (Politburo, CCP) was a leadership body "elected" by the Central Committee to exercise its powers whenever it was not in session or otherwise unable to do so, though the Committee had the power to over-turn any decision taken by the Bureau. Established at the "4th National Congress", the Politburo had thus far been somewhat reluctant to exercise its new-found power, largely due to the regularity with which the Central Committee was said to meet. The Politburo consisted of the top leaders of the Party and State (Lethler's personas), more than half of who were leading figures in the Democratic People's Republic of Bzan (Erusia's predecessor). In theory, Lethler claimed that the Politburo met on a weekly basis.
The 1st Politburo comprised 6 personas of Lethler: himself, Kai Roosevelt, P J Gaffney, Carwyn Jenkins, Michelle Yui and Kenneth Maisano. It was elected at the 1st Plenary Session of the 4th Central Committee in August 2009.
Politburo Standing Committe
Despite being the highest elected leadership body in the Communist Party, the Politburo Standing Committee (PSC) was also the smallest. According to the Party's constitution, the Standing Committee "assists the Political Bureau and the Central Committee in the exercising of the power of those organs, and supervises their work to ensure all organisations are complying with their decisions" - it was essentially responsible for regulating the bureaucracy of the Party. It was not known precisely what official power the Standing Committee had otherwise, though it was - like the Politburo - expected to take on a role of greater importance at the 5th National Congress, which never took place. Crucially however, the current Standing Committee consisted of the three most influential members of the Communist Party, those who led its three major factions. It is likely then that, rather than being a leadership body, the Standing Committee was said to be a platform for factional negotiations where agreements between various branches of the ENCP could be made.
The 1st Politburo Standing Committee comprised Robert Lethler, Kai Roosevelt and Carwyn Jenkins. It was said to have been elected at the 1st Plenary Session of the 4th Central Committee by the Politubro in August 2009.
The Plenary Sessions of the Central Committee were supposed meetings of the ENCP's senior political leadership, which in reality never took place. These were claimed to be "major event in Erusian politics", where decisions supposedly made by the Central Committee during these sessions would have had massive effects throughout both the Party and the Republic, depending on the nature of the meeting.
The first session was said to have taken place on November 10, 2008, where the "First Six Months Plan" would have been formulated, together with the establishment of a "work report" and a "national constitution". The second one, on November 18, authorized a "study on micronational economics by the Central People's Bank" and the "confirmation of a revised Party constitution" to be enacted in the next session.
The third session, on December 13, supposedly saw the Central Committee "voting unaminously to reject any possibility of a Constitutional Reform Act being passed by the Party", more involvement in the National People's Assembly and a fight against any possible counter-revolutionary movement.
The last recorded session is said to have taken place on Jnauary 12 and 13, 2009. Here, Lethler claimed that the Central Committee "agreed to draft and propose the controversial Erusian Proletarian Protection Act, and established the Central Discipline Commission and the Central Advisory Committee"
It is unclear whether the projects proposed by the Commission were enacted by Lethler or just never took place.
The Communist Party claimed some twenty nine members in December 2009, accounting for what was supposed to be 67.44% of the total national population. This was changed by Lethler through the so called Party's 4th National Congress, when the criteria for membership was very finely narrowed in an effort to exclude so-called "undesirables", though in reality no one other than Lethler was part of the micronation.
Since foundation, the Erusian National Communist Party has actively fostered political ties to other Communist political parties within its micronational community. Among its most notable political allies are the Communist Party of Murrayfield, the Citizens' Communist Party of Sandus, the Petorian Communist Party, the Democratic Labour Party of Saorsa, the Saint Charlian Socialist Movement and the Yonghengese Communist Party. It previously had ties to both the Bzanite National Democratic Communist Party (now a branch of the ENCP) and the Licentian Socialist Workers' Party until those two parties dissolved in mid-2009.
Lethler experiment and collapse of Erusia
The exact role of the Erusian National Communist Party was revealed throughout the month of August 2010 by Robert Lethler on private chatrooms such as Skype. When the Erusian state was dissolved after the discovery that Lethler orchestrated all of his micronation, the role of the ENCP was finally explained. Lethler claimed that since he was the only member behind Erusia, alla prty events and documents were drafted by him, including cases in which other personas were supposed to "work" at his place.
Such discovery led to widespread criticism, ironically, from micronational parties who were close to the ENCP. The Communist Party of Murrayfield, which was led by Ben Lawson and was apparently very close to its Erusian counterpart, denounced the pressure made by Lethler and "supposedly other party officials" while the ENCP was still in power and had a significant role in the workings of the Grand Unified Micronational. The same was claimed by the St.Charlian Socialist Movement, which however never collaborated with the ENCP, namely due to the tensions between Lethler and Magnus de Armis, party Secretary, who denounced Lethler internationally during Observergate.
Notes and References
- Also known as Socialism With Erusian Characteristics.
- Although Eco-Socialism and Environmentalism are not considered guiding ideologies of the Communist Party, the Licentian-Bzanite-Erusian Communist movements have always been committed to environmentalism. The ENCP in particular believes in a "Green Erusia", hoping that an independent DPRE would be completely carbon-neutral and environmentally well-preserved.