Legislature

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Meeting chamber of the National Assembly, the lower chamber of the French Parliament.

The legislature is a branch of the running of a nation with the power over legislation. The enacting and alteration of laws is the main duty of a legislature, but it may also be required to perform other tasks such as the election of the head of state, executive or government. Legislatures are usually unicameral (consisting of one chamber) or bicameral (consisting of two chambers), however, rarely, they are tricameral (consisting of three chambers).

In most bicameral systems, the lower house, despite its description of being "below" the upper house, is almost always the most powerful of the two chambers and almost always wholly elected. The upper house, meanwhile, is usually smaller, more restricted in power and designed to be a more deliberative body, and can be either directly elected (e.g. Australian Senate), indirectly elected (e.g. Indian Rajya Sabha), wholly appointed (e.g. Canadian Senate), a mixture of appointed and elected (e.g. Belgian Senate prior to 2014), or consist of members who hold seats by virtue of their position in society (e.g. hereditary and religious peers in the British House of Lords). These can hold office for a fixed term or, rarely, for life.

In countries with federal systems, it is common for the upper house to represent specific geographic areas, often equally in spite of population differences. This is the case for the United States Senate, where each state, regardless of population, returns 2 senators.

Legislatures can be known by many names. Names such as National Assembly, Congress and Parliament are most common. Likewise, there are many names for the individual Houses of the legislature. Senate is the most common name for an Upper House. Unicameral legislatures and lower Houses tend to have names such as Assembly, House of Representatives or Chamber of Deputies. Names are often related to the country, for example, the prefix Bundes- (meaning "federal") is used in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland, whilst the word Majlis (meaning "council") is common in Islamic countries.

List of micronational legislatures

Nation Name of legislature Name of house(s) House level Term Electoral system Seats
Aariania Grand Senate Unicameral 3 years First-past-the-post 5
 Abelden Reichsversammlung Bundesrat Upper house Appointed by the states 1 year 6
Volkstag Lower house Party-list proportional representation 6 months 13
Abristan Royal Council King of Abristan Crown-in-Parliament Head of State Until Death/Abdication 1
Chamber of Counselors Upper house Appointed by head of state 4 years 8
Chamber of Representatives Lower house First-past-the-post 4 years 5
 Aethodia QA Jury Upper House Random sampling 1 year 7 per jury
Legislative Juries Lower House
 Aigues-Mortes General Assembly Unicameral Self-appointment No term limits 387
Alexostan Senate Unicameral ? ? ?
 Alsann Republic Alsane Federal Council Unicameral 1 year Approval voting 5
Andany National Assembly Senate Upper house First-past-the-post 6 years 11
House of Represntatives Lower house First-past-the-post 2 years 22
Angle-Saxish Kingdom Parliament Assembly of Councillors Upper house Appointed by head of state For life 3
Assembly of Commons Lower house First-past-the-post No term limits 3
 Arlandica Parliament of Arlandica Unicameral No term limits Appointed by the President of the Parliament 5
Arstotzkan Union Federal Assembly of the Arstotzkan Union Arstotzkan Federal Congress Bicameral For Life Positions First-past-the-post 19
House of Representatives of the Arstotzkan Union
Asassin Parliament (The Bamboo) Unicameral 5 years First-past-the-post 25
Asgard Parlamento de Asgard Unicameral First-past-the-post 4 years 11
 Aspen Parliament King-in-Parliament Bicameral 4 months Proportional Representation 15
Bundesrad
Riksdag
 Atovia House of Commons Unicameral Single transferable vote 1 year 3
 Austenasia Parliament Emperor Emperor-in-parliament Hereditary position For life 1
House of Representatives Unicameral First-past-the-post 5 years 7
Austin Island National Assembly Unicameral 2 years 70
Australland Parliament House of tables Crown-in-parliament Australian Ballot 4 months 11
 Azzurria Light Blue Commission Unicameral Appointed by head of state ? 13
Baránok Federal Assembly Unicameral Party-list proportional representation 6 months 7
 Bartonia National Council Unicameral Elected by the People No term limits 5
 Baustralia Parliament House of Lords Upper house Hereditary position For life Not fixed
House of Commons Lower house First-past-the-post 4 years 50
Begonian Kaiserreich Parliament Kaiser-Koenig Emperor-in-Parliament Hereditary Life 1
High Council Advisorial Chosen by Kaiser-Koenig Life 10
Reichstag (Peoples Imperial House) Upper House Elected by the People 1–3 years

(1 term a year, 3 max)

15 (Two per district/region or state/duchy, etc)
Kaiserhaus (House of Royals) Lower House Hereditary Life 20 (Monarchs of imperial territories like Duchies, Kings, Lords, etc)
 Belcity Parliament President Unicameral First-past-the-post ? 1
Members of the Parliament Plurality-at-large voting 1 year 24
Benjastan People's National Congress Of Benjastan Workers' Assembly Unicameral Party-list proportional representation 3 years 8
Bir Tawil Tawilian National Council Unicameral First-past-the-post 1 year 9
 Bradonia The Royal Diet House of Peers Unicameral Appointed by the Head of State At his majestys pleasure 5
Caddia Parliament Chamber of Laws Unicameral
Cambria Parliament Unicameral First-past-the-post 2 years, 3 terms max Not fixed
Cascadia Glasreachtas Seanad Upper house Elected by Councils of minorities 10 3 Months
Dail Cascadia Lower house Party-list proportional representation 14 3 Months
 Caudonia Parliament Senate Upper house Appointed by the prince - For the duration of Parliament
House of Assembly Lower house Party-list proportional representation 13 Not fixed (typically 4 months)
 Cycoldia General Assembly Unicameral 1 year Instant-runoff voting 10
 Deseret Grand Council Unicameral ? ? 50
Earth's Kingdom Green and Blue Commission Unicameral Estabilished by the Constitution Based on the Head of Government 6
 Ebenthal Konkrëse House of Aristocrats Upper house Appointed by the monarch Life-long 12
House of Councillors Lower house First-past-the-post 6 months 12
Efransa Parliament National Assembly Lower House First-Past-the-Post 4 Months 5
Senate Upper House Appointment by the King At His Majesty’s Pleasure 4
Elbonia Parliament Staatsrat Bicameral Parliamentary confidence D'Hondt Method Max. 4 months 10
Esse Parlamenzalochas Unicameral Appointed by head of state No term limits 8
Essexia Parliament King Crown-in-parliament Hereditary position For life 1
Imperial Parliament of Essexia Unicameral Proportional Representation 1 year 11
Essizia Parliament of Essizia Senate Bicameral Appointed by the King At His Majesty's pleasure 2
National Assembly First-past-the-post and appointed by the King 5 years and at His Majesty's pleasure 10+
Flammancia Assembly of the Sea Council of the Sea Upper house Mixed-member proportional representation 1 year 10
National Council Lower house Appointed by parties 1 year 1
 Florenia Parliament Unicameral First-past-the-post ? 1
 Forestia National Assembly Unicameral 6 months First-past-the-post 30
 Forestria Imperial Parliament (Parlamentum Imperialis Forestriae) Senate Unicameral 2 years First-past-the-post 2
Formicad General Assembly Unicameral Appointed by the General Secretary (Must be approved by the King) No term limits 6 (Can be changed by the King or General Secretary)
Gendarania Gendaranian National Assembly Unicameral First-past-the-post 6 Months 11
Goldlandia Congress Unicameral single transferable vote 2 years 2
Griffasus National Delegation Council Unicameral Direct non-competitive elections 2 weeks 11
Imruland Parliament Unicameral Until death or abdication Examination No limits
 Gymnasium State Senate Unicameral No term limits Acquirement of citizenship 25
Indecencia Federal Congress Federal Chamber of Deputies Lower Level First-past-the-post 1 month 40
Federal Senate Higher Level First-past-the-post 4 years 20
Indokistan National Forum Unicameral ? No term limits 4
Hamsterland Congress Senate Upper house For life Appointed by Chief Hamster 20
Chamber Lower house 1 year Proportional representation 20
 Juclandia Great National Assembly Unicameral Self-appointment No term limits 159
 Jupiter Senate Unicameral First-past-the-post 3 months 1
 Krzakacja Royal Council Unicameral 1 year and 6 month Party-list proportional representation Unknown
Landopia Senato del Regno Unicameral 1 year Proportional representation 6
Lanzantonia The Senate of Lanzantonia House of Imperial Counts Upper House Emperor's Choise Until Death 500
Federal Council of Advisors Imperial House Emperor's Choise Until Death No Set Limit
Emperor of The Grand Imperial Empire of Lanzantonia Emperor in Government Election Every Time an Emperor Dies Until Death 1
House of Imperial Deputies Lower House Democratic Election Election every Month 500
The People's Government Committee of Lanzantonia Ministry House Presidential Choice Presidential Choice At the President's Choise
Leprechia Senate Unicameral 4 months First-past-the-post 6 (at peak)
 Liahonia The House of Parliament Unicameral First-past-the-post 2 year term; No term limits 24
Notice: This Parliament is currently on recess while the legislative system is being restructured. This Parliament will reconvene after the changes have been made.
Further details regarding this restructuring has not yet been released to the general public.
Luxe Parliament of Luxe Unicameral Instant-runoff voting (alternative vote) 1 year 10
Madrona Parliament Senate Upper house ? ? ?
House of Commons Lower house ? ? ?
 Mahuset Lazian Chamber Unicameral Schulze STV No term limits 11
Mailacia and Idessa The Unitary Council of Princes Aristocracy Salic law Lifetime or Abdication 8
Malinovia Grand Parliament of the Republic Unicameral w:First-past-the-post 1 year 3
 Marienbourg Ducal Diet Unicameral Block voting with panachage 6 months 10
Mcarthia Parliament Unicameral ? No term limits 15
Mekniy Council of State Unicameral ? ? 10
Memeistry People's Council Unicameral Democratic Election 1 year 3 Not fixed
 Mercia Parliament House Unicameral ? ? 11
Mivland Parliament Unicameral Instant-runoff voting (alternative vote) 2 years 8
Nedland Qoroltay Unicameral ? ? 16
 Norfolk Empire Parliament House of Commons Two-round system Elected 2 months 3
Nova Kalifornio Reprezentantĉambro Unicameral ? ? 5
 Occitania Vergadering Unicameral First-past-the-post 6 months 6
Ohio Republic Congress Senate Upper house First-past-the-post 6 Months 4
House of Representatives Lower house First-past-the-post 6 Months 4
Parliament Board of Advisors Upper house 2 years The population votes for party, not person, and the percentage of votes the party gets overall is the percentage of the Reps’ Collective and the Advisor’s Board. 4
Representatives’ Collective Lower house 1 year 20
 Pacific States Congress Senate Upper house Plurality voting 6 years 5
House of Representatives Lower house Plurality voting 2 years 10
 Paravia Riksting Imperial Council Upper house Appointed by head of state 6 months 3
Chamber of Delegates Lower house First-past-the-post No term limits 11
Pejaten Parlamantre Senate Upper house First-past-the-post 1 year 4
Riksdag Lower house Party-list proportional representation 1 year 22
Permaria Parliament Unicameral By appointment of monarch No term limits 5
 Phokland Parliamentary Senate Unicameral By appointment of monarch No term limits 7
Piedmont National Assembly Senate Upper house 2 years Preferential voting 14
Popular Assembly Lower house 1 year Mixed party-list / preferential voting 75
Pomerak'tèr National Parliament House of Elders Upper house First-past-the-post For life 11 (1 per state & 1 appointed by the Prime Minister)
National Council Lower house Instant-runoff voting (alternative vote) 4 years 63
 Posaf Kadelieort House of Lords Upper house Apointed Apointed by the Monarch and Parties 3
House of Commons Lower house Party-list 4 Months 9
Princess Anne Land House of Representatives Unicameral First-past-the-post No term limits 15
Prudentianopolis Knowledge for All's Legislative Function Quorum of Party Unicameral Appointed by party constitution Life tenure or disqualified by Supreme Court 13 (Regent included)
Rabenberg Minister Council - - No voting - 4
 Regelis Parliament House of Councils Unicameral Instant-runoff voting (alternative vote) No set term 33
Richensland People's Representative Assembly Unicameral 2 years Multiwinner approval voting combined with block voting No fixed number
Rhodesia Parliament House of Delegates Unicameral First-past-the-post 2 weeks 15
 Sabia and Verona Parliament Unicameral Party-list proportional representation 1 year 23
 Sancratosia National Council Unicameral Superposition / Mixed-member majoritarian (MMM) using a single (panachage) ballot:
Plurality block voting (BV) in single nationwide constituency (8 seats); Sainte-Laguë method (4 seats)
1 year 12
 Saspearian Parliament Unicameral Multiple non-transferable vote 1 year 6
Seacoln Common Council Unicameral First-past-the-post 4 years 15
Second American Empire Parliament Bicameral Party-list proportional representation 2 years 450 in the House of Deputies
Seybold Sitzungssaal National Assembly Seyboldish Lower Branch Elected 2 Years 10
Lawmakers’ Council Seyboldish Upper Branch Elected 2 Years 2
Empire of Shahawkia Shahawkian Parliament Unicameral Appointed by High Class Monarchs Until Death or Abdication 5
Shorewell General Assembly Senate Upper house Appointed by head of state ? 12
Chamber of Deputies Lower house ? ? 12
 Silikia Senate Unicameral Alternative Vote 1 Year, no limits
 Snagov Supreme People's Assembly Unicameral 4 years Proportional representation 20
 Sorrenia Parliament King's Council Unicameral First-past-the-post No term limits 47
Ecclesiastic Court Papal Directorate Unicameral Appointment by the King for life 5
 Suverska National Assembly Unicameral MMPR/STV mix 6 months 21
Tavil Parliament Unicameral Party-list proportional representation 1 year 300
 Templar Kingdom Grand Council (36 seats) High Council of XII secular council Appointed by the head of state no term limits 12
Council of Apostles religious council Appointed by the head of state No term limits 24
Terra Excelsior Parliament Senate of the Republic of Excelsior Tricameral Appointed by chancellor and president Life until recall 18
Presidential Committee of the Republic Elected by the people 2 years 1
Federal Council of Governors Appointed by the State governments Life until recall 9
 Todia Parliament General Assembly Unicameral 7 elected by the people, 3 members of the Presidential Council 5 years 10
 Thulia State Council Unicameral 3 No term limits
 Überstadt Parliament Unicameral Self-appointment No term limits 4
Uniland People's Parliament Unicameral First-past-the-post 5 Years 5
Urbo de Sophia Municipal Council Kerna Katedralo Upper house No fixed term By Invitation 31
Kongreso de AF Lower house No fixed term By Certification 42
 Uskor Legislative Assembly Unicameral Party-list proportional representation and appointment by the head of state 2 Years 350 votes distributed to party delegates who hold multiple votes, there are 6 current delegates
Valbona Chestnut Assembly Unicameral Indirect election 6 years 5 Parliamentarians plus the President of the Chestnut Assembly, Head of State in Valbona, who is elected by the parliamentarians.
 Vancouver Island Legislative Assembly of Vancouver Island Unicameral 2 years First-past-the-post 7
Vatolean Parliament Senate Upper house Appointed by head of state No set term 2
Unicameral Instant-runoff voting (alternative vote) 12
Folketing Lower house Party-list proportional representation 5
 Vishwamitra Lok Sabha Unicameral First-past-the-post 1 year 20
 Vlasynia Consultative Senate of Vlasynia Unicameral 1 year At HGM the Despot's pleasure Unknown
 Vodopol Supreme Council Unicameral Lifetime First-past-the-post 4 (including the High Commissioner and the President of the Supreme Council)
Vyomania Parliament of Vyomania The Cabinet Bicameral 5 years First-past-the-post
The House of people
West Moravia United National People's League of Sovereignty Unicameral First-past-the-post 1 year 6
 Winterspell Parliament of Winterspell Unicameral Multiple non-transferable vote 1 Year 3
 Wyvern Statenraad Unicameral First-past-the-post No term limits 4
Xennistra Legislative Assembly of Xennistra Unicameral 6 years Appointed By Provincial Governers 50
 Zenrax Imperial Senate Unicameral Appointed by head of state ? ?
 Zeprana Congress of Zeprana Parliament Upper house 1 Year No term limits 10
Senate Lower house 1 Year No term limits 12