Trem bão danado, sô
Oh awesome train, mister
|Settled||8 April 1928|
|Inc. Roschfallen||8 February 2014|
|Inc. Ebenthal||13 August 2014|
|Province status||5 February 2022|
|Founded by||Geraldo Fernandes & Francisca Carvalho|
|• Type||Executive-led devolved administration|
|• Chief Executive||Pedro Carvalho|
|• Councillors||The Marquis of Falkner|
The Duke of Aureanburgh
|• Total||0.8 km2 (0.3 sq mi)|
|• Water||0 km2 (0 sq mi) 0%%|
|Elevation||852 m (2,795 ft)|
|• Total||32 (permanent)|
|• Rank||2nd in Ebenthal|
|Demonyms||Minenian; Formely Belmontine|
30000-001 to 31999-999
|Area code||+55 31|
|HDI (2022)||0.910 very high (3rd)|
|GDP (2022)||𝒦ℳ TBD|
|Per capita||𝒦ℳ TBD|
|Primary Airport||Belo Horizonte International Airport|
|Primary Rail||Belo Horizonte Metro|
Erzfelsen (German pronunciation: [ˈmüneŋ]), officialy Province of Erzfelsen (Portuguese: Província de Erzfelsen) is a municipality and one of the seven provinces of Ebenthal. It is the second most populous province in the country, with 32 permanent residents within its 0.8 km², making the city also the most densely populated region in Ebenthal. Erzfelsen is a city-state, being a municipality with provincial status. It is administered through an executive-led devolved government by a Chief Executive appointed by the King of Ebenthal, and is represented in the House of Councillors by three elected councillors. Having been the first capital of Ebenthal for just two days, Minen still exerts considerable influence on the national political and economic scene, thanks to the size of its population and its traditions.
Prior to the European colonization of the Americas, the territory comprising Erzfelsen was primarily inhabited by numerous indigenous tribes of the Macro-Jê ethnicities. With the beginning of Portuguese colonization, the Bandeiras Expeditions, which expanded the Portuguese colonial State of Brazil inland expelled and massacred the indians. The region was settled in 1701, right at the beginning of the gold rush, and the Portuguese founded the village of Curral d'el Rey. Following the independence of Brazil in 1822 and the establishment of a republic in 1889 throught a coup d'état, the new republican leaders sought to create a new capital for the wealthy state of Minas Gerais, a planned city, which would reflect the image of modernity that the new regime wanted to convey, and in 1897 the municipality of Belo Horizonte was founded. The Carvalho family, originally from Ouro Preto, settled in the city at the beggining of the 20th century, eventually building their first permanent residence there in 1928. On 8 February 2014 the micronationalist Pedro Carvalho proclaimed the independence of his close family's properties in the city and decreed their annexation to the newly founded Kingdom of Roschfallen, in which the Carvalho lands were integrated into the Seine Mountainous Department. However, half a year after the integration of the lands of Minen into Roschfallen, in the midst of a serious constitutional crisis, Pedro Carvalho joined the rebellion led by Arthur Beato and proclaimed the seccession of his family's lands from Roschfallen, integrating it into the newly-established separatist Kingdom of Ebenthal as the new Principality of Belmonte, a city-state which served as Ebenthal's first capital from 11 to 13 August 2014. The Belmontine monarchy was abolished in 5 February 2022, and in 1 January 2023 the province's name was temporarily changed to Minen until it gained its definitive name of Erzfelsen.
As a city, Erzfelsen is divided into 10 enclaves comprising 2 boroughs; they are the Claudean borough (four enclaves in Rio Branco and Santa Mônica neighbourhoods) and the Aurean borough (six enclaves in Mangabeira, Céu Azul, Venda Nova and Tupi). During its time as a principality, Erzfelsen, then called Belmonte, was ruled directly by a Regent, as the title of Prince of Belmonte was reserved for the heir to the throne of Ebenthal, who was therefore de jure ruler of the principality. Since the return of the princely title to the principality, the Princes of Belmonte became the de facto rulers of the principality until the abolition of the monarchy.
The name Minen is a literal translation into German of the Portuguese word Minas, that is, "mines". The name was adopted in accordance with the Charter of Etymological Styles promulgated by the Luso-Germanic Cultural Commission, referring to the name of the Brazilian state in which the province is enclaved, Minas Gerais, which translates to "general mines".
The former name Belmonte, in old Galician-Portuguese, means Belo Monte, this is, "Beautiful Mound". On the case of the province, though, the name Belmonte is a corruption of the words Belo and Horizonte, from Belo Horizonte, the Brazilian city on which the province lies enclaved. It nonetheless also evoked the mountains, since "Belo Horizonte" translates to a "Beautiful Horizon" as seen from a mountain, and since the entire region lies above the sea level between mountains.
Erzfelsen is located on in a deppression of proterozoic crystalline rocks in a region called Brazilian Highlands, not much above the Tropic of Capricorn and 439 km from the South America's Atlantic coast. the total territory of the municipality consists of about 0.8 km² and comprises a series of small enclaves and exclaves entirely surrounded by the Brazilian municipality of Belo Horizonte. These enclaves are made up entirely of private property owned for the most part by members of the Carvalho family, the maternal relatives of King Arthur II of Ebenthal. The terrain of the city is largely composed of slopes, due to the geolocation of the municipality in the geomorphological unit called Depression of Belo Horizonte. With a level of urbanization of 100% and bathed by no body of water, Erzfelsen is classified as a "micrometropolis", this is, a metropolis when considering the level of micronational cities, the only other in the country being the capital city of Malmünd.
Minen is subdivided in two boroughs, each one made of one or more enclaves within two different regions of Belo Horizonte.
- The Clauden Borough: Consists on four enclaves in the Rio Branco and Santa Mônica neighbourhoods of Belo Horizonte.
- The Aurean Borough: Consists on six enclaves in the Mangabeira, Céu Azul, Venda Nova and Tupi neighbourhoods of Belo Horizonte.
Erzfelsen has a latitude at 19'55" in the South tropical zone. Yearly temperatures average between 9 and 35 °C (48 and 95 °F). The Köppen climate classification of the region is tropical savanna climate (Aw), milder due to the elevation, with humid/warm summers and dry/mild winters. Erzfelsen is located about 500 kilometres (310 mi) from the sea. Even though inter-seasonal differences are not as pronounced as they are in temperate places, there is a contrast between spring and summer, and between fall and winter. The coldest month is generally July, with a lowest recorded temperature of 3.1 °C (38 °F). The hottest month is usually January, with a highest recorded temperature of 38.4 °C (101 °F).
With an elevation of 852 m (2,795 ft), Erzfelsen is cooled considerably by the relatively high elevation, which suppresses high maximum air temperatures experienced in nearby cities at lower altitudes. Erzfelsen's climate is mild throughout the year. Temperatures vary between 11 and 31 °C (52 and 88 °F), the average being 22 °C (72 °F). Winter is dry and mostly sunny, and summer is rainy.
|Climate data for Erzfelsen (1991–2020, extremes 1949–present)|
|Record high °C (°F)||35.4
|Average high °C (°F)||28.7
|Daily mean °C (°F)||23.7
|Average low °C (°F)||20.0
|Record low °C (°F)||10.4
|Average Precipitation mm (inches)||330.9
|Average relative humidity (%)||69.3||66.2||68.6||66.3||64.3||62.6||58.4||54.0||55.3||59.9||68.5||71.0||63.7|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)||15||10||11||7||3||1||1||1||4||8||14||17||92|
|Source no. 1: Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia|
|Source no. 2: Meteo Climat (record highs and lows)|
Erzfelsen is one of the seven provinces of Ebenthal and a city-state, as the entire province comprises only one municipality, which is therefore administered at provincial level and has no concurrent municipal administration. The city-province is administered as a executive-led devolved government headed by a Chief Executive appointed by the King of Ebenthal. The Chief Executive, in turn, governs the city with the aid of a small council of members of his nomination. Malmünd exercises its provincial autonomy through organic laws and the master plan stipulated and enacted by the Chief Executive and subsequently approved by the national parliament.
As a province, Erzfelsen provides three elected councillors to represent it in the House of Councillors. The city still showcases examples of direct democracy with the formal proposition of laws being regularly made by its citizens and being implemented by the provincial government. Issues directly relevant to the micronation itself are handled directly by the central government and, despite passing through the city, they rarely mobilize the action or intervention of the provincial government.
- "Belo Horizonte | History, Population, & Facts | Britannica". Retrieved 2022-01-15.
- "Temperatura Máxima Mensal e Anual (°C)". Normais Climatológicas do Brasil 1991-2020 (in português). Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia. Archived from the original on March 24, 2022. Retrieved 24 March 2022.
- "Temperatura Média Compensada Mensal e Anual (°C)". Normais Climatológicas do Brasil 1991-2020 (in português). Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia. Archived from the original on March 24, 2022. Retrieved 24 March 2022.
- "Temperatura Mínima Mensal e Anual (°C)". Normais Climatológicas do Brasil 1991-2020 (in português). Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia. Archived from the original on March 24, 2022. Retrieved 24 March 2022.
- "Precipitação Acumulada Mensal e Anual (mm)". Normais Climatológicas do Brasil 1991-2020 (in português). Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia. Archived from the original on March 24, 2022. Retrieved 24 March 2022.
- "Número de dias no mês ou no ano com precipitação maior ou igual a (1 mm) (dias)". Normais Climatológicas do Brasil 1991-2020 (in português). Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia. Archived from the original on March 24, 2022. Retrieved 24 March 2022.
- "Umidade Relativa do Ar Compensada Mensal e Anual (%)". Normais Climatológicas do Brasil 1991-2020 (in português). Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia. Archived from the original on March 24, 2022. Retrieved 24 March 2022.
- "Insolação Total (horas)". Normais Climatológicas do Brasil 1991-2020 (in português). Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia. Archived from the original on March 24, 2022. Retrieved 24 March 2022.
- "Station Belo Horizonte" (in français). Meteo Climat. Retrieved 20 October 2018.