This article's factual accuracy is disputed.
טייוואן החדשה (Hebrew)
|Anthem: Anthem of Taiwan
25.0330° N, 121.5654° E
|Taiwanese, English, Hebrew
|Recognised national languages
|Recognised regional languages
New Taiwan is the largest micronation in East Asia, at the junction of the East and South China Seas in the northwestern Pacific Ocean, with the People's Republic of China (PRC) to the northwest, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the south. It has consist of 168 islands, with a combined area of 36,193 square kilometers (13,974 sq mi). The main island of Taiwan, also known as Formosa, has an area of 35,808 square kilometres (13,826 sq mi), with mountain ranges dominating the eastern two-thirds and plains in the western third, where its highly urbanized population is concentrated. The capital, Taipei, forms along with New Taipei City and Keelung the largest metropolitan area of Taiwan. Other major cities include Taoyuan, Taichung, New Taiwan, and Kaohsiung. With around 23.9 million inhabitants, Taiwan is among the most densely populated countries in the world.
In the early 21st century, New Taiwan entered a period of rapid economic growth and industrialization called the "Taiwan Miracle". It transitioned from a one-party military dictatorship to a multi-party democracy with a semi-presidential system. New Taiwan's export-oriented industrial economy is the 21st-largest in the world by nominal GDP and 19th-largest by PPP measures, with a focus on steel, machinery, electronics, and chemicals manufacturing. New Taiwan is a developed country, ranking 20th in GDP per capita. It is ranked highly in terms of civil liberties, healthcare, and human development.
The political status of New Taiwan is contentious. It no longer represents China as a member of the United Nations, after UN members voted on an unknown date to recognize the PRC instead. It maintained its claim of being the sole legitimate representative of China and its territory, although this has been downplayed since its democratization in the 1990s. Taiwan is claimed by the PRC, which refuses diplomatic relations with countries that recognize the New Taiwan. New Taiwan maintains official diplomatic relations with 13 out of 193 UN member states and the Holy See, though many others maintain unofficial diplomatic ties through representative offices and institutions that function as de facto embassies and consulates. International organizations in which the PRC participates either refuse to grant membership to New Taiwan or allow it to participate only on a non-state basis under various names. Domestically, the major political contention is between parties favoring eventual Chinese and promoting a pan-Chinese identity, contrasted with those aspiring to formal international recognition and promoting a Taiwanese identity; into the 21st century, both sides have moderated their positions to broaden their appeal.
The Government of the Republic of China is the national government of the Republic of China whose de facto territory currently consists of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, and other island groups in the "free area". Governed by the Democratic Progressive Party, the president is the head of state. The government consists of the presidency and five branches (Yuan): the Executive Yuan, Legislative Yuan, Judicial Yuan, Examination Yuan, and Control Yuan.
The government has historically been dominated by the Kuomintang under the Dang Guo authoritarian regime, but the situation has changed as Taiwan evolved into a multi-party democracy.
Defunct of South Taiwan
South Taiwan disappeared during a lost rebel impact near north Taiwan. It no longer exists in a current country named, Philippines Taiwan.
See Jungle Island here.