Oscar I, Emperor-King of Karnia-Ruthenia

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Oscar I
His Imperial and Royal Majesty,
the Emperor-King of Karnia-Ruthenia
Oscar I in 2015, by André Vieira.
Emperor-King of Karnia-Ruthenia
Reign10 March 2016 - present
PredecessorThrone established
North American Emperor
Reign07 August 2020 - present
PredecessorWilliam I
King of Ruthenia
Reign20 November 2014 - present
PredecessorAri I
Emperor of Karnia
Reign10 March 2016 - present
PredecessorAnton I
Born14 August 1991 (1991-08-14) (age 32)
São Paulo,  Brazil
FatherArchduke Ari of Karnia
MotherArchduchess Denise of Karnia
ReligionRoman Catholicism
OccupationLandlord, manager
SignatureOscar I's signature

Oscar I (German: Oskar I, Hungarian: I. Oszkár, Croatian: Oskar I, Czech: Oskar I, Slovenian: Oskar I, Romanian: Oskar I), is the Emperor-King of Karnia-Ruthenia, King of Horvatia and Acrin and, since 7 August 2020, the second North American Emperor. On 19 November 2014, Ari of Ruthenia abdicated the throne after one day as King of Ruthenia, which allowed Ari's son, Oscar to ascend to the throne. The event took place in the Royal Capital, the name of Persenburg at that time. Although largely considered to be conservative, Oscar spent his early reign promoting democracy through legislation in his domains. He changed the course of Ruthenia, created to be an absolute monarchy, to turn the micronation into a constitutional monarchy. During his reign, Ruthenia witnessed a steady expansion, comprising several micronational projects which gave varying degrees of autonomy, reaching its apex in the signing of the Karno-Ruthenian Compromise of 2016,[1] hence assuming the Imperial Crown of Karnia and transforming the Kingdom of Ruthenia into the Karno-Ruthenian Empire under his Dual Monarchy.[2]

Early life

Oscar was born on 14 August 1991, in Notrê-Dâme Hospital, in São Paulo, Brazil as the only child of the Archduke Ari, and Archduchess Denise. Oscar grew up in far from Alto da Solidão, the former capital of his future kingdom.[3] He attended Mário de Andrade High School[4] and the Law University,[5] graduating in 2013. He is used to be described as someone interested in History and someone who likes the exercise of leadership. His maternal family was composed by European immigrants, who raised him linked to European reality, especially the Hungarian culture. He is able to speak Portuguese, English and understands French, Spanish and German.[6]

Early Micronational Life

He join his first micronation in 2009, the Lusophone and simulationist Kingdom of France, where he used an alias to be a soldier and a Chevalier of Order of Joan d'Arc. There, he understands how it worked the political simulation within a micronation. Two months later, Oscar had to leave micronational activity but kept in touch with micronationalists he had known. After a hiatus, he join the equally lusophone ans simulationist Kingdom of Italy, where he was Minister of Immigration and Social Integration. He faced problems with the aristocracy as minister, as second Oscar would report later, he felt that "the law did not apply to the King's friends, especially if it was a noble". At that time, Oscar would envision a micronational project, which would later be the Kingdom of Ruthenia. During a brief experience, he was Austro-Hungarian Emperor in a Anglophone simulationist country, that was not well accepted and which ended with his reign in a few days. Despite his knowledge of simulationists micronations, he became a trully and independent sovereign of a secessionist micronational project.


Crown Prince and Grand Duke of Ruthenia

Royal Standard of His Majesty, as King of the Ruthenians.

He and his father acquired some properties in northeast of Brazil, where his family used to retain some prerrogatives and influence among the locals. Enjoying the opportunity, he estabilish the Kingdom of Ruthenia and in the following days after he took his new royal title, he created ministeries, government agencies, a flag, a coat of arms, the General Assembly and estabilish friendly relationship with several micronations around the world.[7] The kingdom derives its name from the ancestry people of his mother's family and was never challenged by subjects, although some foreign criticism.[8] The idea of the name, far beyond its beautiful sound, would come from the fact that the mother of the king, the Archduchess Denise, have Hungarian and Ruthenian ancestry. In ancestral land of his paternal family, a micronation was built with influences of his maternal family. For a few months, there was some confusion on who would have been the first king. The Royal House, on 30 March 2015, decided that his father, the then Duke Ari, was the first King for a few hours, making Oscar, officially, the second King of Ruthenia.[9][10]

H.I.&R.M. the Emperor-King, at São Paulo Municipal Theatre, late 2015.

King of the Ruthenians

The first months of his reign were turbulent. The state of near civil war between the English and Portuguese-speaking micronationalists nearly ruined the kingdom, since in the end the warring members of the government were expelled from the micronation, emptying the micronational project in its infancy and culminating in a Royal Dictatorship that ended only with the promulgation of a constitution that turned the Ruthenia in a democracy. Later, it was joked that the Ruthenian Constitution of 2015,[11] have been based in the Russian Constitution of 1906, Ruthenia ceased to be a "potentially Autocratic Monarchy" to become a "Constitutional Monarchy governed by an Autocratic Monarch". Nevertheless, Oscar ruled moderately and with deep respect to the General Assembly's decisions.[12]

With the government's stabilization, Oscar began to enjoy a certain prestige and is widely decorated by various micronations and succeeding in being recognized by important micronations. It also occurs throughout his reign, some invitations to be crowned monarch of other micronations. His reign was essential to make Ruthenia, even young, a thriving micronation, with solid foundations and freedoms guaranteed by a constitution, a civil code and a penal code, respecting international agreements, the most famous with the Antarctic Micronational Union[13] after the annexation of the Grand Duchy of Gaussland[14] and banning totalitarian doctrines in Ruthenian territory,[15][16] like Fascism and Communism, which was an ardent opponent.

Emperor of Badakistan and King of Bessabia

During the first half of 2015, the experienced Brazilian micronationalist Filipe Machado and Oscar of Ruthenia informally started to talk about systems of government, its practical application, the appearance of a micronation, its location and the policies that should be implemented in short and long term to a project flow properly between Portuguese-speakers micronationalists, especially the Brazilians. When Filipe Machado left the project which he participated, Oscar of Ruthenia was quick to offer their ideas as the starting point for a new project. This resulted in the foundation of the State of Bessabia, which would be part of the Kingdom of Ruthenia, but would be focused on Portuguese and Brazilian micronations, featuring high degree of autonomy, including diplomatic freedom, albeit under supervision and judge of Ruthenia. Thus, when the State of Bessabia was founded, the crown was offered to the King of Ruthenia, whose first official act was the signing of a Bessabian Constitution and the appointment of Filipe Machado as Minister-President, the Head of Government of the new kingdom.

Less than a month after the annexation of Bessabia, one of the biggest allies of Ruthenia between the Portuguese-speaking micronations, the Badakistan, went into a dizzying dismantling of democracy and disappearance of micronational activity. In this scenario, the Ruthenian diplomacy interfered in the case and through intense negotiations, the King of Ruthenia became, on 20 September, the Emperor of Badakistan.[17][18] Two weeks later, Badakistan would absorb the Bessabian claim and unify their projects.

Despite Emperor Oscar's reign have been relatively successful and well accepted by most reputable micronations, he was a highly unpopular monarch. His subjects rejected him to see he was a foreigner who did not identify himself with the micronation and who cared about the Anglophone sector, more than the Lusophone. Between the end of November and the first week of December of 2015, the political situation was unsustainable. The return of former monarch Jaffar Sheri brought concerns and uncertainties. Willing to regain the throne, he sought the support of other micronations and garnered support among the aristocracy and the military.

Anticipating the coup through informations from the Ruthenian Secret Service, the Emperor decreed the dissolution of the Majlis, the parliament and took upon himself the command of the armed forces. Provided with dictatorial powers, Oscar contacted the Stadhouder of the United Provinces of Mauricia to hand over sovereignty over the territory, ending the Badakistan as an independent and sovereign micronation. A union treaty was signed in the last hours of the 8 December 2015.[19] The Badakistan became a province of a traditional Brazilian micronation and the then Emperor, deprived of his power, assumed the title of "Hereditary Lord of Badakistan Lands".[20]

King of Acrin

H.M. signing the Treaty of Alcatraz on 06 January 2016.

The first micronation to recognize the Kingdom of Ruthenia and therefore the reign of Oscar I was the Kingdom of Acrin, which had been founded a few days before, on 4 November 2014. During the first four months of existence, the King and his government were devoted to foreign relations, the formulation of their national symbols, which suffered greatly Ruthenian influence and attempts to attract investment and establish connections with other micronations, misguided attitudes that made the inexperienced government of the time lose much of their enthusiasm and credibility.

Over the next eight months, no activity was observed and the Ruthenian Government, the greatest ally of Acrin at the time, issued an ultimatum: either Acrin answer their messages within one month counting of that date, or the King of the Ruthenians, as Aristocratic Chieftain of the Clan of Acrin, would claim the throne for himself. There was no answer. In the words of King Eitan himself when he made the King of the Ruthenians the Aristocratic Cheftain of the Clans of Acrin, he explained that "You lead all the families as one aristocrat". Based on this interpretation, Oscar of Ruthenia not only was the last active Acrinian noble, as was also responsible for leading the nobility of Acrin. Thus, with the government abandoned, it would be an obligation of Ruthenians to protect the micronation.

Through a special decree of 15 December 2015, Oscar of Ruthenia dethroned King Eitan, granting to him, however, the title of Prince Szteinbaum of Acrin. In the same act, he removed the entire autonomy of Acrin, making the kingdom a little more than a Ruthenian province. Other executive acts were issued by the new king, who ordered new flag, new coat of arms, new capital and advertising his rise, which was greeted with enthusiasm in Ruthenia.[21]

Emperor of Karnia and the Compromise of 2016

After several problems to establish a functioning government, a constitution, and especially in achieving recognition of other micronations, the government of the Empire of Karnia realized a micronational project was much more difficult to develop than they would have imagined. When the Kingdom of Ruthenia offered the necessary help, they accepted enthusiastically. For weeks, while governments and their sovereigns approached, the Ruthenian government provided help, teaching from the writing of decrees to the making of national symbols. They guided the creation of a page on Facebook and Twitter, as well as the material to be presented, but nothing was successful.

With the break between the Kaiser and the Minister-President caused precisely by disagreements about the conduct of government, the government of Karnia requested Ruthenian intervention. The cost of this intervention to save the newly created project was to deliver the Imperial Crown to the King of the Ruthenians. In return, the project would be expanded and be at par with the Kingdom of Ruthenia. The result of this negotiation was the Karno-Ruthenian Compromise of 2016.

Under the terms of the Compromise, Karnia and Ruthenia would maintain separate parliaments each with its own prime minister under a single monarch. In the Ruthenian half, the King-appointed Government would be responsible only to the Parliament instead of the King, which gave Ruthenian a great amount of autonomy, especially in internal matters. In the Karnian half, however, the Emperor would have the power to both appoint and dismiss its Prime Minister and cabinet members. The monarch's common government, in which its ministers were appointed by the Monarch and responsible to him, had the responsibility for the armed forces, foreign policy and for the customs union.

Reign after the Compromise

After the stabilization of his reign as Emperor in a process that went through the annexation of Argadia, Appinfeldt and Tsechia and other internal and external destabilization attempts such as the Lundener Civil War and a coup d'état attempt in 2017, his rule was quite peaceful and proved to be of great prestige, participating on behalf of the Empire of the Congress of Colo, the Micronational Republican Forum and other events, but also with expressive achievements, such as the strengthening of democratic institutions - especially the Constitutional Commission and its new constitution, which he favored. On 2018, he was one of the outstanding figures of the 2018 Micronational Summit of São Paulo. He strongly favored foreign policy, participating in micronational congresses such as the aforementioned Micronational Summit of São Paulo, but also of the II Micronational Republican Forum and maintained the initiative of approaching promising micronations, especially in America and obtaining great successes, like the establishment of diplomatic relations with the Kingdom of Quixotica and being the first foreign head of state to receive a national honor.

Between October 2017 and February 2018, his reign passed through the troubled period known as Malaise de Cumagne, a scandal whose purpose was to demoralize him and remove him from the throne. The event was settled in time without further damage and the traitor was convicted and went into exile. After the scandal, he devoted himself more firmly to the administration and foreign policy, and the entry into the Empire of a citizen of Japanese origin was providential to realize one of the greatest expansionist contracts of the history of the Empire. With the signing of the Treaty of Hakodate, the Empire now finally extended to Asia.

Reign in North America

On 7 August 2020, an agreement between the Karno-Ruthenian Emperor and the North American Confederation, with the consent of the Grand Republic of Delvera has been completed to set the nation on a brand new course. That day, at 3:00pm, Emperor William I signed the "Act of Abdication and Viceroyalty"[22] formally relinquishing his position as North American Emperor and Senior King in the Confederation, being succeeded by Oscar I, that agreed to the arrangement and it was hoped that this change would enable stronger ties between the NAC, Delvera and Karnia-Ruthenia.

Portrayals in literature

Emperor Oscar appears as a fictional character in Richard Storry[23]'s novel A Hoard of Treasures (2018).[24]

Titles, styles and honors

Monarchical styles of
Oscar, Emperor-King of Karnia-Ruthenia
Reference styleHis Imperial and Royal Majesty
Spoken styleYour Imperial and Royal Majesty
Alternative styleSire

Alternative Titles and Styles

  • 14 August 1991 – 18 November 2014: His Grace, Count von Götzö.
  • 19 November 2014 - 20 November 2014: His Royal Highness, Crown Prince and Grand Duke of Ruthenia.
  • 20 November 2014 – present: His Royal Majesty, the King of the Ruthenians.
    • 20 September 2015 - 8 December 2015: His Imperial Majesty, the Emperor of Badakistan.
    • 29 August 2015 – present: His Royal Majesty, the King of Bessabia.
    • 24 October 2015 - 7 July 2016: His Royal Highness, the Domnitor of the Carpathia.
    • 15 December 2015 – present: His Royal Majesty, the King of Acrin.
  • 10 March 2016 – present: His Imperial and Royal Majesty, the Emperor of Karnia and King of Ruthenia.
  • 7 August 2020 – present: His Imperial Majesty, the North American Emperor.

Full titles as King until 2016

His Royal Majesty, Oscar the First, by the Grace of God, King of the Ruthenians, King of Acrin, King of Bessabia, Domnitor of the Carpathia, Grand Duke of Gaussland and Grand Duke of Escandia, Prince de Thomaz-Rocha, Prince of North America, Grand Duke of Grevenia and Caledonia, Count of Bihar, Duke of Persenburg-Götzödorf, Lord of Alto da Solidão, Hereditary Prince of Água Branca and Other Domains, Prince of the Land of St. Stephen and Duke of the Land of St. Peter and St. Paul, Marquis of Arpuro, Despot of Halych, Grand Duke of Imvrassia, Baron von Goëtzën of Abeldane, Hereditary Lord of the Badakistani Lands and Grand-Master of Royal Order of St. Stephen and of the Orders of St. Peter and St. Paul.

Full titles as Emperor-King

His Imperial and Royal Majesty, Oscar the First, by the Grace of God, Emperor of Karnia and King of Ruthenia, King of Bessabia, King of Acrin, King of Horvatia, Szolnók, Geza, Letingia, Escandia, King of Jestia, etc.; Archduke of Karnia, Grand Duke of Gaussland, Caledonia; Duke of Ladislavia, Hoheneinsamkeit, Weißeswasser, Csorna, Chedowski, Balaton; Grand Prince of Karcag, Margrave of Luftrein, Duke of Persenburg, Götzödorf, Mohács, Pannonhalm, Podenbrad, Gyalla, Oswiencin, Zallanta, Cieszpreg, Fertodin, Rugoz, Árpád; Princely Count of Bihar, Tamaz, Koberg, Gerizia, Grevênia; Prince of Thomaz-Rocha, Bersód; Margrave of Upper and Lower Lusitia; Count of Heves, Feldkirchenberg, Brevento, Szentes, etc.; Lord of Fürstenbergserdboden, Kazin, etc., etc. etc.


Order of the Edelweiss

Order of St. Stephen Order of St. Peter Order of St. Paul Order of the Foundation of the Kingdom of Ruthenia

Order of the Ruthenian Star Order of the Ruthenian Crown Order of the Ruthenian Eagle Order of the Royal House of Ruthenia

Order of the Lion Order of Ottokar Order of St. George Grand Cross of Letzembourg

Order of the Ruthenian Crown Order of the Foundation of the Kingdom of Ruthenia Order of the Ruthenian Star Order of the Royal House of Ruthenia Order of St. Peter Order of Ottokar


  1. "Karno-Ruthenian Empire Created!", The Ruthenian Observer, 16 March 2016.
  2. "March Announcement", news by the Ruthenian Government.
  3. "Oscar the first of Ruthenia", Biography by the Ruthenian Government.
  4. "Oscar the first of Ruthenia", Biography by the Ruthenian Government.
  5. "Oscar the first of Ruthenia", Biography by the Ruthenian Government.
  6. "Oscar the first of Ruthenia", Biography by the Ruthenian Government.
  7. "Oscar, King of the Ruthenians", Biography by the Libertinian Goverment.
  8. "Oscar the first of Ruthenia", Biography by the Ruthenian Government.
  9. "Oscar the first of Ruthenia", Biography by the Ruthenian Government.
  10. "Oscar, King of the Ruthenians", Biography by the Libertinian Goverment.
  11. "The Ruthenian Constitution of 2015", by the General Assembly of the Kingdom of Ruthenia.
  12. "Oscar the first of Ruthenia", Biography by the Ruthenian Government.
  13. Kingdom of Ruthenia granted AMU membership, AMU Bulletin, 29 July 2015.
  14. Decree Annexing the Kaiser Wilhelm II Land to Ruthenia, 30 June 2015.
  15. "Banning and other Options", The Ruthenian Observer, 24 April 2015.
  16. "Headlines - May/2015", The Ruthenian Observer, 02 June 2015.
  17. Renunciation to the Throne, by the Shah Jaffar Shah of Badakistan, 18 September 2015.
  18. "Ruthenia, Bessabia and Badakistan - United in One Crown", by Neimar Bionaz.
  19. Ruthenian Observer #060, 20 December 2015.
  20. Ruthenian Observer #060, 20 December 2015.
  21. Ruthenian Observer #060, 20 December 2015.
  22. "Act of Abdication and Viceroyalty", by William von Hartmann-Peters, 07 August 2020.
  23. Richard Storry official website, 27 December 2018.
  24. Storry, Richard. (2018). A Hoard of Treasures - Ruritanian Rogues - Volume V. London: Cryptic Publications.
Oscar I, Emperor-King of Karnia-Ruthenia
Imperial and Royal House
Born: 14 August 1991
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Monarchy estabilished
Emperor-King of Karnia-Ruthenia
10 March 2016 – present
Succeeded by
Preceded by
William I
North American Emperor
07 August 2020 – present
Succeeded by
Preceded by
King Ari of Ruthenia
King of the Ruthenians
20 November 2014 – present
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Monarchy estabilished
King of Bessabia
29 August 2015 – 07 October 2015
Succeeded by
himself as Emperor of Badakistan
Preceded by
Shah Jaffar Sheri
Emperor of Badakistan
20 September 2015 – 08 December 2015
Succeeded by
Monarchy desestabilished
Preceded by
Monarchy established
Domnitor of the Carpathia
24 October 2015 – 09 July 2016
Succeeded by
Alexander XII
Preceded by
King Eitan
King of Acrin
15 December 2015 – present
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Emperor Anton
Emperor of Karnia
10 March 2016 – present
Succeeded by