Repubblica di Lumenaria/it
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| Repubblic of Lumenaria |
"Per aspera ad astra" (throught the difficoulties we can reach the stars)
|Denominazione||Lumenarensian or Lumenarian|
|- President of the Republic||Simone Acquasanta|
|- President of the Council of Ministers||Mirko YuriDonato|
|- Tipo||- Unicameral|
|- Numero dei Seggi||- 9|
|- Ultima Elezione||- 5rd March 2023|
|Formazione||4th February 2020|
The Republic of Lumenaria is a no-land Italian-speaking virtual micronation founded in February the 4th of 2020 on the social network Telegram. Besides groups and channels on Telegram the micronation has its own website.
Order of the Republic
The Constitution is the fundamental law of the Republic of Lumenaria, it consists of 43 articles divided in four sections: Fundamental Principles, Order of the Republic, Constitutional Guarantees, State Symbols.
The Senate is the legislative body, voted from the electoral body (that consists of all the citizens with non revoked political and civil rights, according to cases of law) every 60 days.
The Senate is made of 9 members and elects the President and the Vice President of The Senate.
The President of The Republic is elected by the Senate every 80 days, is the highest authority of the State, and starts the Senate and the Council of Ministers . The President of the Republic can’t be elected for more than 3 consecutive terms.
The Council of Ministers is headed by The President of the Council or Prime Minister, who is elected by the Electoral Body every 60 days. When elected, the Prime Minister presents his government to the Senate for the confidence vote. Only with the vote of confidence the President of the Council enters in his functions. The President of the Council can’t be elected for more than 2 consecutive terms.
The Judiciary deals with administering justice and it’s formed by judges appointed by the Minister of The Law with a public contest. Judges exercise their power in the name of the law and cooperate with the Police.
The Republic of Lumenaria was founded on February the 4th of 2020 by Filippo Zanardi and Simone Salvatori with the name Republic of Atlantis. In its first days of life the Republic had a phase called as Consulate in which all the power was in the hands of the Consul, the first and the only one Consul of this period was Zanardi. During the Consulate the Senate existed but had no power. After a popular referendum in February the 10th of 2020, the name was changed in “Republic of Lumenaria”, the 25th of February of the same year was promulgated the Lumenarian Constitution, is substitution of the old Atlantic Constitution. After the Consulate the first democratic elections were called, on the 3rd of March 2020, where Andrea Pavolini was elected as the first President of the Council and Filippo Zanardi the first President of the Lumenarian Republic.
Salvatore Giordano is the longest President of the Council, with 4 governments.
The First Republic
This period that goes from the foundation to the first days of September 2020, the Republic of Lumenaria faced the first challenges and started to make a name in the leonensian micronations panorama. Different governments followed each other, Pavolini I and II, Spinelli, Berini and Giordano I, who made different cultural projects and a big reform to the Penal Code. Around May two spies from RFL entered in Lumenaria but they didn’t succeed to make damages and subtract vital information. At the beginning of the summer Lumenaria started to open up to foreign extra-leonensian policy and undertook relationships with other micronations, like, for example, the Kingdom of Elendor.
In this period there wasn’t political united forces, the Senate was composed only by independents and only at the end of August we can distinguish two wings, the pro-giordanian and the pro-zanardian.
The Second Republic
The second-republican phase can be started with the election of Vittorio Canovi as President of the Republic, after Filippo Zanardi’s resignation in the first days of September 2020. In this period, we can see a complete maturation on the cultural-political level, The Lumenarian Neoaragonasian Party (then became Lumenarian Republican Party) followed by Lumenarian Alternative and other secondary parties, like the Neocratic Party, were born. A big change came in the first days of the 2021 when Gianmarco Rubino, an old ex Castaborian, was elected as President of the Council of Ministers. With Rubino, the Constitution was modified and changed the role of the President of the Council of Ministers, more important like a “real Premier”. After Rubino, with Gianfranco’s government it was established the structure prior the reform, and added the Constitutional law, and the President of the Republic became a guarantor like today.
Governments and Politics
Presidents of the Council of Ministers
|Government||Settlment||End of mandate||Duration||Notes|
|1||Zanardi (Consulate)||4 February 2020||11 February 2020||7 days|
|2||Pavolini I||16 February 2020||3 March 2020||69 days|
|3||Pavolini II||3 March 2020||25 April 2020|
|4||Spinelli||25 April 2020||27 April 2020||2 days|
|5||Berini||27 April 2020||1 July 2020||65 days|
|6||Giordano I||1 July 2020||1 September 2020||187 days|
|7||Giordano II||1 September 2020||6 November 2020|
|8||Giordano III||6 November 2020||4 January 2021|
|9||Rubino||4 January 2021||4 March 2021||59 days|
|10||Gianfranco||4 March 2021||3 May 2021||60 days|
|11||Giordano IV||3 May 2021||1 July 2021||59 days|
|12||Scognamiglio I||1 July 2021||5 August 2021||35 days|
|13||Lanfredi I||5 August 2021||28 August 2021||23 days|
|14||Scognamiglio II||28 August 2021||4 November 2021||68 days|
|15||Lanfredi II||4 November 2021||5 January 2022||62 days|
|16||Testa I||5 January 2022||6 March 2022||60 days|
|17||Sciortino||6 March 2022||11 April 2022||36 days|
|18||Zaccaria||11 April 2022||10 June 2022||60 days|
|19||Testa II||13 June 2022||9 July 2022||26 days|
|20||Zanardi I||9 July 2022||14 September 2022||67 days|
|21||Zanardi II||14 September 2022||15 November 2022|
|22||Sozzi I||15 November||17 January 2023||63 days|
|23||Zanardi III||17 January||24th March||66 days|
|24||Donato||24 March||in charge|
Presidents of the Republic
|Name||Settlment||End of mandate||Duration||Notes|
|I||Filippo Zanardi||11 February 2020||4 Settembre 2020||206 days|
|II||Vittorio Canovi||4 September 2020||8 Dicembre 2020||95 days|
|III||Andrea Pavolini||8th Dicember 2020||6 Gennaio 2021||29 days||Andrea Pavolini was impeached for trying to organize a coup.|
|IV||Giuseppe Zeffirelli||21 January 2021||3 Luglio 2021||163 days|
|V||Salvatore Giordano||3 July 2021||23 Agosto 2021||51 days|
|VI||Riccardo Furlan||23 August 2021||3 Febbraio 2022||164 days|
|VII||Francesco Sozzi||3 February 2022||21 Ottobre 2022||260 days|
|VIII||Tobia Testa||21 October 2022||9 January 2023||80 days|
|IX||Simone Acqusanta||9 January 2023||in charge|
Presidents of the Senate
|Legislature||President of the Senate||Start of legislature||End of legislature||Duration||Notes|
|I||Andrea Pavolini||6 February 2020||4 March 2020||27 days|
|II||4 March 2020||13 April 2020||40 day|
|III||Francesco Gianfranco||13 April 2020||25 April 2020||12 days|
|IV||25 April 2020||24 June 2020||59 days|
|V||Riccardo Furlan||24 June 2020||24 August 2020||61 days|
|VI||24 August 2020||28 October 2020||65 days|
|VII||Filippo Zanardi||28th Ottobre 2020||29th Dicember 2020||62 days|
|VIII||Matias Menabue - Riccardo Furlan||29 Dicembre 2020||4 March 2021||65 days||Matias Menabue resigned because he was an organizer of the coup with Pavolini.|
|IX||Francesco Scognamiglio||4 March 2021||28 April 2021||55 days|
|X||Davide Vernelli||28 April 2021||27 June 2021||60 days|
|XI||27 June 2021||27 August 2021||61 days|
|XII||Filippo Zanardi||27 August 2021||3 November 2021||68 days|
|XIII||3 November 2021||3 January 2022||61 days|
|XIV||Salvatore Giordano||4 January 2022||9 February 2022||36 days|
|XV||Simone Acquasanta||13 February 2022||15 April 2022||62 days|
|XVI||Francesco Scognamiglio||17 April 2022||25 April 2022||10 days||The Senatory elections of the14th 15th of april were canceled by the Council of the state (constitutional court) with the Order 2/22|
|XVII||Francesco Scognamiglio||1 May 2022||2 July 2022||63 days|
|XVIII||4 July 2022||5 September 2022||63 days|
|XIX||9 September 2022||8 November 2022||60 days|
|XX||Giulio Valerio Orlando - Gianmarco Rubino||9 November 2022||14 January 2023||66 days||Giulio Valerio Orlando resigned for conflict of intersts, they were nominated Ministry of Justice.|
|XXI||Filippo Zanardi -||14 January 2023||7 March
|XXII||Davide Sciortino||7 March
Lumenaria has got The Lumenarian State Library where there are more then 130 literacy artworks produced by citiziens. Besides that, there is an Audio library, where there are arcghiviated all the transmissions podcast or radio of Lumenaria and all the Leonidia, and a Meme Library, where there is a collection of meme produced by the Lumenarian community and the Leonensian Cultural Centre where are archived all the litherature artworks, from the starts of the Leonidia to today.