Commonwealth of South Pacifis
Commonwealth of South Pacifis
|Administrative center||White Rock|
• President of Commonwealth Council
|John of Pikeland|
|Establishment||January 1, 2021|
|Currency||sudo (∮) (SPS)|
The Commonwealth of South Pacifis, also known as the Oceanic-Antarctic Micronational Commonwealth (Rzeczpospolita), abbreviated OAMC, is a free union of sovereign and independent micronations, an intergovernmental organization of heads of state and government that has the characteristics of a supranational decentralized confederation. Valid from 1 January 2021. The goal of the Commonwealth is the mutual economic integration of the member states, the formation of a unified regional policy, and the joint solution of national security and defense issues.
The Commonwealth unites micronations whose territorial claims are wholly or partly located in Oceania and / or Antarctica, which mutually recognize the sovereignty, territorial claims and legitimacy of the authorities of other members and by mutual consent may resolve certain issues of domestic policy and state sovereignty at the international level within the Commonwealth. Member states have equal status and are independent of each other in any aspect of their domestic or foreign policy. The Commonwealth is a subject of international law, has the power of member states to participate in international relations and to conclude international agreements. It also has the right to jointly manage the territorial claims of former members who have ceased to exist or have renounced them in favor of the Commonwealth.
Government and Politics
The basic independent decision-making institutions of the Commonwealth are
- Commonwealth Council chaired by the President;
- Commonwealth Government Commission chaired by the Chancellor;
- Commonwealth Tribunal;
- Commonwealth Central Bank.
The representative state of the Commonwealth is renewed annually from 1 January in the order of the current signatories of the Statute of the Commonwealth. That year, the head of the representative state becomes the President of the Commonwealth Council, the head of its government becomes the Chancellor of the Government Commission, and its capital becomes the capital of the Commonwealth. Since the President of the Council of the Commonwealth is not elected, but changed according to a predetermined algorithm, the Commonwealth can be formally defined as a constitutional monarchy. At the same time, the official collegial head of the Commonwealth is the whole Council, on whose behalf the President acts.
The Council of the Commonwealth is the highest political and legislative body of the Commonwealth, which consists of all the heads of the member states of the Commonwealth. Its exclusive powers include:
- determination of the main strategic directions of the Commonwealth development,
- amendments to the Statute of the OAMC, adoption of laws and bylaws necessary for the implementation of its provisions,
- resolving issues of membership in the Commonwealth, as well as, after the relevant decision of the national legislatures of the parties, the exchange of territories between Member States and the transfer to them of the temporary management of territories under the joint management of the Commonwealth,
- decision-making on the conclusion of international agreements by the Commonwealth and their ratification.
These issues are adopted by at least 2/3 of the votes of the Commonwealth Council (except for those that require a higher percentage, unanimity or consensus according to the Statute), in case of equal distribution of votes the vote of the President of the Commonwealth Council is decisive. Decisions taken on these matters are legally binding on all Member States and require the harmonization of their legislation, but are not laws of direct action at the State level. Decisions on matters within the joint competence of the Commonwealth and the Member States shall be ratified or vetoed by their supreme legislative bodies.
The President of the Commonwealth Council checks the compliance of the decisions made with the Statute of the OAMC and the current legislation and, in case of discrepancies, blocks them, returning them for revision. He may appoint one or two secretaries from among the members of the Commonwealth Council, whose candidacies are approved by the Commonwealth Council in accordance with the procedure. If necessary, temporary working committees are set up at the Commonwealth Council.
The Commonwealth Council is responsible for the official representation of the Commonwealth on the Internet.
The Commonwealth Government Commission is the highest executive body of the Commonwealth, which consists of all heads of government of the Commonwealth member states and is responsible for implementing decisions of the Commonwealth Council and by-laws where required by the intergovernmental level. The functions and exclusive competence of the Government Commission include:
- control over the observance of the provisions of this Statute and the laws of the Commonwealth by the member states, their compliance with their legislation;
- coordination of integration processes in the Commonwealth countries;
- issues of standardization, licensing and certification within the Commonwealth;
- establishing quotas in the common market to ensure free competition and interaction between member economies;
- issues of interstate transport, communication and information support;
- issues of joint defense and security;
- issues of environmental protection in the region and conservation of marine bioresources.
If necessary, the Government Commission organizes profile meetings of the relevant ministers of the Member States of the Commonwealth, on the basis of which it may establish and dissolve temporary departments (working groups), involving experts and other employees.
The Government Commission reports to the Commonwealth Council, but does not report to it and is completely independent in its work.
The Commonwealth Tribunal is the judicial authority of the Commonwealth of Independent States, which is the highest court of appeal and cassation for all Member States of the Commonwealth, as well as regulates legal issues and conflicts between
- Member states of the Commonwealth;
- Member States vs. the Commonwealth;
- Commonwealth vs. individuals or legal entities;
- Commonwealth institutions;
- natural or legal persons - subjects of different member states of the Commonwealth.
The tribunal may act on a permanent or temporary basis. Each of the Member States has the right, in accordance with national law, to delegate a judge to the Tribunal and 1-2 candidates to the register of the Jury of the Commonwealth, to withdraw or replace them at any time.
Prior to the commencement of the trial, the judges of the Tribunal shall elect by secret ballot the person who will preside over it, and two jurors shall be chosen from the jury register by random drawing. If one or both of the parties is a Member State of the Commonwealth, its representatives shall be excluded. If the party is the Commonwealth, representatives of the current representative state are excluded.
The prosecutor for the case is usually provided by the plaintiff, the lawyer - by the defendant. If this is not possible or unacceptable, they shall be appointed by the Commonwealth by decision of the judges of the Tribunal.
Economics and Finance
The upper level of the banking system of the Commonwealth member states is the Central Bank of the Commonwealth, which represents the interests of the Commonwealth countries in international banking and financial relations and regulates the distribution of money supply within them. The management of the Central Bank consists of the Board of Directors, consisting of the heads of the national central banks of all member states of the Commonwealth, and the Management Board, which is elected by the Board of Directors and approved by the Commonwealth Board.
The main goal of the Central Bank is to ensure the stability of national financial systems. For this purpose, it is entrusted with the such functions:
- development and implementation of the financial and credit policy of the Commonwealth;
- determination of key interest rates;
- establishment of the interbank exchange rate of micro- and macro-national currencies;
- ensuring the functioning of payment systems between the Member States of the Commonwealth;
- preservation and management of official gold and cryptocurrency resources of the Commonwealth Member States.
The entire monetary policy of the Central Bank is conducted in a decentralized manner: the Central Bank makes decisions and establishes the rules of their implementation, which guide the national central banks in their activities, carrying out practical actions.
If the relevant decision is made by the Commonwealth Council, the Central Bank issues the Commonwealth's own currency for cash and non-cash settlements, which becomes a mandatory unit of value and a reserve within the Commonwealth and the Association and the only means of settlement between Member States. At the request of the member states of the Commonwealth, the Commonwealth's own currency may be accepted by them as the national national currency.
Members of the Commonwealth may be micronations that
- exist for at least six months at the time of application for membership;
- have territorial claims in Oceania and / or Antarctica that do not conflict with the claims of the current Member States;
- have an official website and / or representation in mass social networks;
- do not profess Communist, National Socialist (Nazi) and other totalitarian ideologies and do not have appropriate symbols on their state symbols;
- agree at the constitutional level with the principles of international law, common human rights and freedoms;
- agree with the provisions of the Charter and other constituent and program documents of the Commonwealth.
The decision to admit new members shall be taken by the Council of the Commonwealth and shall be taken by a 2/3 majority of the total number of Member States.
As of September 2023, the members of the OAMC are (in the order of signatures) :
Kingdom of Central Antarctica
- Principality of New Lubenia
- Grand Duchy of Pikeland
- Reichshogunate of Lánběn
Principality of Arlandica
- Protectorate of New Kodak
Also a lifelong honorary member of the Commonwealth and a beneficiary of its Statute is the Memorial of Prince Leonard on the Jupiter Reef - the territorial successor of the Principality of Hutt River. Therefore, if all members of the Commonwealth withdraw from its membership or cease to exist, but do not decide to dissolve Commonwealth, it does not cease to exist, and two or more states that meet all the requirements for membership have the right to join and resume its activities by re-signing the latest version of its Statute.
From 14 May to 19 June 2021, the Roosevelt Territory (now Belmont, a microagglomeration of New Lubenia) was under the general control of the Commonwealth. Since 1 December 2021, North Arkelia is transferred under the general control of the Commonwealth. Since 13 January 2022, it has taken over the Uschor-Zeêlandia Territories under joint control.
In October 2022, the Principality of Arlandica announced its withdrawal from the Commonwealth, and the Kingdom of Central Antarctica announced its self-dissolution. According to the Statute, the former territories of the KCA, the Western Territory and the Takutea Territory, came under the common management of the Commonwealth, and the sovereignty of the Republic of Užupis was recognized over the former Eastern Territory.
- All customs duties and restrictions between Member States are abolished with the introduction of a single external tariff on goods from third countries.
- The economies of the Commonwealth member states are freely provided with free competition and interaction.
- At the internal borders between the member states of the Commonwealth, passport control is abolished.
- All citizens of the member states are citizens of the Commonwealth.
- The Commonwealth guarantees the full protection of its citizens, regardless of nationality.
- Commonwealth citizens have the opportunity to move freely between Member States for the purpose of living, working (including self-employed services) and studying. Ensuring these opportunities includes mutual recognition by Member States of professional qualifications.
- Individuals and legal entities - members of the Commonwealth have the opportunity to freely purchase real estate, company shares and investments between the countries of the Commonwealth.
- The Member States of the Commonwealth shall formulate and implement a common foreign and security policy.
- By unanimous decision of the Commonwealth Council, Member States may be transferred to the temporary administration of the territory under the joint administration of the Commonwealth. After seven years of continuous interim administration, they become inalienable sovereign territories of the state, but upon the withdrawal of the state from the Commonwealth before the end of this period return to joint administration.