Constitution of Rino Island
|Constitution of the Republic of Rino Island|
Flag of Rino Island
|Ratified||2 May 2023|
|Authors||Grand Senate of Rino Island|
|Signers||Anastasio Lópezas President of Rino Island Benedetto Samperias President of the Grand Senate|
The Political Constitution of the Republic of Rino Island of 2023 is the currently effective constitutional text. It was approved on April 29, 2023, after a week of voting. It was enacted on May 2, 2023, and came into force on the same day. It has 115 articles and 15 transitional provisions.
The Political Constitution of the Republic of Rino Island is divided into seven chapters and several transitional provisions. The chapters are as follows:
- State and National Community: establishes the foundations of institutionalism and the organization of the republican and deliberative democratic government.
- Constitutional Rights and Duties: establishes the rights and duties of citizens, including fundamental rights, social and economic rights, and political rights.
- Government and State Administration: establishes the organization and functioning of the government and state administration, including the organization of the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial powers, and local administration.
- Constitutional States of Exception: establishes the rules for declaring constitutional states of exception.
- Grand Senate: establishes the organization and functioning of the Grand Senate.
- Republic's Courts: establishes the organization and functioning of the Republic's courts.
- Autonomous Organs of the State: establishes the organization and functioning of the autonomous organs of the state.
- The transitional provisions establish special rules for the implementation of the Constitution, including the duration of the first term of the Grand Senate, authorization for the President of the Republic to invalidate international treaties and agreements, and the procedure for the first session of the Grand Senate after the entry into force of the Constitution.
It establishes a unitary, free, independent, and sovereign state, with a republican and deliberative democratic government. Sovereignty essentially resides in the national community, and the Constitution is the supreme legal norm of the state, prevailing over any other norm.
A system of government based on representative democracy is established, in which citizens elect their representatives through free and periodic elections. Furthermore, the Constitution establishes a series of fundamental rights and guarantees for citizens, such as freedom of expression, freedom of association, and the right to a fair trial.
The territory of the Republic is divided into regions, and these regions into provinces. For the purpose of local administration, provinces are further divided into communes. The government and administration of each province shall be entrusted to a Governor, who will be exclusively appointed by the President of the Republic.
The Political Constitution of the Republic of Rino Island has its own characteristics and peculiarities that make it unique. Article 16 of the Rino Island Constitution establishes that all members of the national community of Rino Island have natural and inalienable rights stemming from their own human condition. It establishes a series of constitutional rights and duties that go beyond fundamental and political rights, including social and economic rights. It is also interesting to note that the Constitution establishes the obligation of citizens to fulfill their constitutional duties in addition to their rights.
Article 17 establishes the remedy of amparo in favor of citizens, through which they can request the Supreme Court to take measures to restore the rule of law and ensure proper protection of the affected party in case of violation of their rights by an illegal or arbitrary act by a state entity.
President of the Republic
According to Article 21 of the Rino Island Constitution, the President of the Republic is the Supreme Chief of the Nation, the State, and the Government. They administer and govern the State with the faculties, powers, and prerogatives granted to them by this Constitution and the laws. He is the highest leader of the country and has the responsibility to administer and govern the State in accordance with the laws and the Constitution.
The Grand Senate is a collegial body for the political representation of the national community, according to Article 55 of the Rino Island Constitution. It is composed of ten members, elected and designated in the manner established by law. Additionally, a constitutional organic law will regulate the composition, powers, functioning, and role of the Grand Senate.
The Grand Senate has the function of representing the national community and, according to Article 55, it is responsible for the political representation of the national community. Furthermore, according to Article 56, the Grand Senate has the function of extending the presidential and senatorial terms in case of a national emergency. It can also enact laws and decrees with the force of law on the matters indicated by the delegating law, and only for the period established in accordance with this Constitution, as stated in Article 22.
The Supreme Court is the highest judicial body in the State of Rino Island, the ultimate guardian of citizens' rights, and exercises direct supervisory, disciplinary, corrective, economic, professional, and technical oversight over all courts of the Republic, whether ordinary or special. The Judge of the Supreme Court is the highest authority of the courts in the Republic and has special powers, such as hearing cases and matters entrusted to them by law, whether in first or second instance, and considering claims and appeals against the administration of the State.
National Unity Party
The National Unity Party is the political expression of the Nation and the leading force of the national community and the State. As the organized vanguard of the people, the Party is specifically responsible for coordinating, promoting, and directing all social activities, ensuring a just harmony of interests within the legitimate subordination of the particular to the general. Additionally, a constitutional organic law will establish the composition, principles, internal organization, functions, and powers of the National Unity Party.
Council for the Defense of the Revolution
The Council for the Defense of the Revolution is a collegial body established by the Political Constitution of the Republic of Rino Island. Its main function is to promote unity among members of the national community, ensure respect for their recognized rights and freedoms, and preserve the institutional framework established by the Constitution, so that any changes it undergoes do not undermine its essential normative unity.
The Council for the Defense of the Revolution is composed of the President of the Republic and other members with voting rights. Its functions include adopting agreements for the defense of the Revolution, ensuring respect for the rights and freedoms recognized by the Constitution, and promoting unity among members of the national community. Additionally, the Council has the power to remove the President of the Republic under certain circumstances.
With the entry into force of this Constitution, the Charter of Rights of the Rinoisland People, Law No. 48 of the Organic Statute of the National Economy, Law No. 39 that regulates Political Impeachment, and Law No. 29 of the National Self-Defense Council are organically repealed. Additionally, the First Transitional Provision establishes that as of the entry into force of the Constitution, all previous regulations that contradict it, including the Political Constitution of the Republic of Rino Island of June 20, 2014, and its successive reforms, shall be repealed.