House of Councillors (Vishwamitra)
This article needs to be updated.
House of Councillors
|Founded||27 December 2021|
|Disbanded||28 April 2022|
Leader of the House
Deputy Leader of the House
Leader of the Opposition
|Seats||11 (8 Elected + 3 Nominated)|
|8 members by single transferable vote by the House of the People, 3 appointed by the Rashtradhyaksh|
The House of Councillors (Hindi: पार्षद सभा, IAST: Paarshad Sabha) was the upper house of the bicameral Parliament of Vishwamitra. As of 2022, it had a maximum membership of 11, of which 8 were elected by the members of the House of the People using single transferable vote through Open Ballot while the Rashtradhyaksh appointed 3 members for their contributions to various fields of human endeavour or services to the nation. The members were elected for a term of 1.5 years. The House of Councillors met in continuous sessions, and unlike the House of the People, being the lower house of the Parliament, the House of Councillors was not subjected to dissolution. However, like the House of the People, it could be prorogued by the Rashtradhyaksh.
The House of Councillors had equal footing in legislation with the House of the People, except in the area of supply, where the latter had overriding powers. In the case of conflicting legislation, a joint sitting of the two houses could be held, where the House of the People held a greater influence because of its larger membership. The presiding officer of the House of Councillors was the President who was elected by the members of the house for a tenure co-terminus with their tenure as a member of the house.
The Rajya Sabha, highly inspired from the upper house of the Parliament of India served as the upper house of the bicameral Parliament of Vishwamitra until 31 August 2016 when the lower house, then known as Lok Sabha and the upper house were merged into a unicameral legislative body named as Senate and later as Sadasya Sabha and National Assembly.
The Parliament of Vishwamitra was a unicameral legislature for more than five years until December 2021, when negotiations began to upgrade the Privy Council into a law making advisory body granting it the powers to approve on bills and laws passed by the House of the People. It was then, the idea of the bicameral legislature came up following which a motion was moved in the House of the People by Rory Leonard, the Minister of Parliamentary Affairs. The bill was subsequently well discussed and passed by the house with an overwhelming majority and came to be known as the Bicameral Legislature Act, 2021 which established the House of Councillors thereby dissolving the Privy Council. The bill was all set to be implemented from 1 January 2022 with the first session being held on 3 January 2022.
The total membership of the House of Councillors was 11, out of which 8 members were elected by the members of the House of the People while 3 members were appointed by the Rashtradhyaksh as nominated members.
- Protem Speaker: Dhrubajyoti Roy, IND
- President: The Duke of Karad, IND
- Leader of the House: The Duke of Stettin, NPC
- Deputy Leader of the House: The Count of Suffolk, NPC
- Leader of the Opposition: Vacant
Party-wise distribution of seats
|Party||Abbr.||Seats||Leader in the Parliament|
|National People's Congress||NPC||5||The Duke of Stettin|
|Social Democratic Party||SDP||2||The Count of Harrien|
List of members at dissolution
|No.||State||Name of member||Party affiliation||Date of election/appointment||Date of retirement|
|1||Purvanchal||The Count of Suffolk||National People's Congress||1 January 2022||30 June 2023|
|2||The Count of Harrien||Social Democratic Party||1 January 2022||30 June 2023|
|3||Beltola||The Lord Bainbridge||National People's Congress||1 January 2022||30 June 2023|
|4||Uttaranchal||Vacant since 11 March 2022||30 June 2023|
|5||Madhya Prant||The Count of Youngstown||Independent||19 January 2022||30 June 2023|
|6||Kamrupa||The Duke of Stettin||National People's Congress||1 January 2022||30 June 2023|
|7||Basistha||The Duke of Edrom||National People's Congress||1 January 2022||30 June 2023|
|8||Federal Territories||The Duke of Osian||National People's Congress||1 January 2022||30 June 2023|
|9||Nominated||The Count of Essex||Independent||1 January 2022||30 June 2023|
|10||Carson Snyder||Independent||19 January 2022||30 June 2023|
|11||The Duke of Karad||Independent||31 January 2022||30 June 2023|